Winter 2004 update: Aspidistra elatior DEFINITELY survives single-digit temperatures in a location sheltered from the wind with only minimal damage to the very tips of some leaves. If you want to continue growing in the winter you will need artificial light. There is no connection to actual palms, however. Although this species can do well in darker locations, the frequency of irrigations must be reduced to counteract the chance of root rot. If you get a sharp pair of scissors and cut the affected area off with one acute diagonal stroke, no one need ever know ;-), Help! The cast iron plant (Aspidistra elatior) is a perennial member of the lily family that is native to China. There are 17 essential elements or nutrients required for proper plant growth, function, yield and quality. Generally, there is no overwhelming need to rush to repot unless root rot is conspicuous. You can use a bamboo skewer in a pinch, but a wooden dowel rod of about 5/16” (75-85mm) would work better. Took off the shutters added a four inch cedar resawn trim, same treatment as the siding, natural. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. :), Old post, I know: but maybe it will help someone or kindle interest. Functioning roots need energy to drive their metabolic processes, and in order to get it, they use oxygen to burn (oxidize) their food. It can be caused by relatively low light conditions indoors, soil too wet or too dry, or relative humidity too low, or over fertilization. The plant is happier now, with no more yellowing. Usually this occurs in the autumn and winter period due to reduced nitrogen uptake by the roots from the soil in low temperatures. Here's what we did to give importance, add weight and interest. Aspidistra plant has tough, glossy dark green leaves that stand up well in high traffic areas. There is also a variegated form. Mix a few variegated aspidistra with solid emerald leaves, curl several, twist, split and weave a few, add equisedum and steel grass – FAB & FUN. This is when your citrus tree leaves display yellow veins while the rest of the leaf remains a normal green color. Aspidistra elatior is known for its cornlike, shiny, dark green leaves. If employed, the suggestions in the overview will help you to avoid all of the most common and most serious limitations you'll encounter as a container gardener. Citrus have a hard time adapting indoors. Your plant's leaves are endowed with an extracellular cuticle that covers leaf surfaces and is composed of an insoluble polymer (cutin) and soluble cuticular lipids (wax), which work in concert to form a particularly effective barrier to transpirational water loss. In many cases, we can judge whether or not a planting needs watering by hefting the pot. Early spring is about the worst time of year to repot Ficus because energy reserves will be at the lowest point in the growth cycle. If indoors see that it doesn´t get sunlight through the window, and avoid direct a/c cold. The pot must be moved to another place. Its beauty lies in its dark green stalked and shining leaves which it displays openly. Don´t worry , it´s not going to die, montsera is a very hardy plant. It currently has 5 leaves, all of which are going brown from the tips down. It has white spotted black-green leaves. Sometimes, though, that's not a course we can immediately steer, which makes controlling how often we water a very important factor. But to be honest don't worry overly as Aspidistras are very prone to these tips. Older leaves that rapidly become yellow are a clear sign of over-watering, usually caused by too little light with other symptoms include mouldy or heavy soil, stunted growth and a rotten base. Clean the tip and insert it into a cup of distilled water and witness the fact it reads 'DRY'. If you see signs of wilting, adjust the interval between waterings so drought stress isn't a recurring issue. ... Anthracnose—this is a fungal disease that will turn the tips of the leaves brown or yellow. Could be poor drainage or excess fertilizer. I really don't want to lose this old friend,he's been everywhere with me since I was 18. Wired roses, protea, and carnations, with folded aspidistra at the base. Jane: Hello and welcome to On The Ledge episode 138 and this week, we're keeping the Aspidistra flying. stem And Leaf Spine To Retain Desired Shape Pack Of 6 95Cm High Overall (Leaf 50X11Cm) This Item May Be Bent To Fit Into Packaging for postage But Is easily Straightened Or Re-Shaped To Suit. This link will take you to the overview. It has white markings and they are ideal for lighting up a dark corner in the house. You can fold it, curl it, and stitch it, and it looks fantastic, adding a … One of the most reliable methods of checking a planting's need for water is using a 'tell'. As the Aspidistra is a tough plant, it does not need much care. Cast-iron plant (Aspidistra elatior) is an herbaceous perennial that has earned its reputation as a nearly indestructible houseplant, though it's also hardy outside in USDA growing zones 6 to 11.It has arching deep-green glossy leaves and is so undemanding that it survives neglect that would easily kill lesser plants. Obviously, the lack of oxygen in the root zone situation can wreak havoc with root health and cause the loss of a very notable measure of your plant's potential. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Avoid hot direct sun through a window as this can burn or scald the leaves of this otherwise nearly indestructible plant. The damaged leaf will go brown and fall off, but new ones come out all the time. I'll leave you with some things I've written about using a tell, and a link to a basic overview of growing in pots. aspidistra definition: 1. a large evergreen plant (= one that never loses its leaves), usually grown inside, that has…. There are several popular Aspidistra varieties. There are many reasons why the leaves on your indoor plants may turn brown: improper watering, fertilizing, or transplant shock; environmental causes due to lighting, heat, drafts, or humidity; pest or disease issues; and natural causes such as acclimatization or age. Al. The older leaves sometimes brown if the soil goes a little dry than the plant would like. Aspidistra elatior is a particularly elegant foliage plant with upright, glossy leaves that arch gracefully at the leaf tips. 4 July in Plants. The leaves arch outwards from the center of the plant, elegantly curving, displaying the beautiful foliage. But not gable, shed type. I would flush the soil to eliminate any build-up of salts that might have occurred intentionally (from fertilizer) or unintentionally (from dissolved solids in tapwater. If it is not taken care of, it will spread and kill the plant. May 15, 2010 at 5:07 pm (floral art, Floral Design, flower arranging, flowers) About a year and a half ago, I foolishly repotted my beloved Aspidistra thinking it needed a new pot (it didn't). Change ). But we didn't lay the trim on the siding, we flushed the trim with the window frame. red roses in a clear cube vase; Oasis foam wrapped in aspidistra. Aspidistras can tolerate pretty dry compost so certainly tend towards dry. Using a 'tell' Over-watering saps vitality and is one of the most common plant assassins, so learning to avoid it is worth the small effort. Beautifully Detailed Large leaf For Flower Arrangements. Cast Iron Plant (Aspidistra Elatior) Care & Growing Guide. It does best when it is grown in shade and well-cultivated, rich soil, but it can survive even in poor conditions and with little to no attention. Top tip. Deep pots might have 3 or more inches of soil that feels totally dry, while the lower several inches of the soil is 100% saturated. Common Issues with Aspidistra. Misting then, will be ineffective at raising humidity, and even if it was effective, it wouldn't be necessary. Then water properly and make sure that all the water drains. I am so cautious about over watering as I've killed many plants before by doing that. Topped off my Majesty Palm with some new soil, now it’s slow to drain. Otherwise, repot in a bigger, wider pot, and add a moss covered tutor to support it and aerial roots. It can be caused by relatively low light conditions indoors, soil too wet or too dry, or relative humidity too low, or over fertilization. ( Log Out /  "Spring" covers a lot of territory. It’s name means starry sky, and the leaves certainly deliver that impression! Age will do it also. Some call this aspidistra Milky Way, as there’s a specific branded variation sold by that name. I water it once aprox. Find out what to keep in mind, Don’t let this catch-all space get the better of you. Really, there’s no extra care needed for this guy, but he’ll appreciate you keeping his leaves free of dust by wiping them occasionally with a soft cloth. Don't worry, it won't harm the root system. But still, all the leaves go brown at the edges. New leaves emerge in spring to midsummer and enlarge until the chill of fall halts growth. I damaged it in the process and ever since it has been losing leaves one by one. The pictures look like yellow vein chlorosis is starting. Its leaves can reach an impressive 6″ in width, and the leaves have a mid-to-dark green coloration. Trash bags, houseplants and a good cry all have their role when it comes to this major life change, Black is best for engineered materials; brown works great for textures — and more designer tips for working with these two classic colors, Get more visual appeal and storage in less space, following the lead of these stylish compact bathrooms, Make entertaining easy with these ideas for casual get-togethers, You can make parting easier by taking ideas and plants with you, If these Houzzers’ tales don’t bolster the courage of your design convictions, nothing will, Dreading the postholiday chores? When I first picked up the aspidistra we now have in our flat I was warned about how slow growing they are, but I wasn’t prepared for what that would look like for us because my word they grow so slowly in low light environments. The lighter speckling just enhances that green hue. Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen make up over 90% of a tree’s biomass. I love aspidistra leaves as well I get excited about FOLIAGE ONLY arrangements! Although, if individual leaves become yellow, it may just be their physiological aging. I re-potted it in a plastic pot and watered it in. I received and Aspidistra this Spring. Buy a fertilizer specific to citrus. This reliable house plant was extremely popular with the Victorians not least because of its ability to withstand, drought, pollution and low light levels. This can be difficult to diagnose as brown tips on the leaves can be caused by a variety of things. Aspidistra minor or Aspidistra “Milky Way” is a dwarf form. Leave it a few seconds, then withdraw it and inspect the tip for moisture. For outside visual, I'd switch interior window treatments. Growing Your Aspidistra Elatior Or Cast Iron Plant. Monstera plant is looking sad. Pruning leaves in fall or winter creates a thinner looking plant. To give your house more weight and interest, I would defiantly add a cedar post & timber porch. I've had my aspidistra for about a year now - repotted it once. Similar roof line and just as masculine in design. ... Keep his leaves green and lush, and avoid brown tips, by giving him a mist every few days. Spots, stripes and splashes: aspidistra leaves. We changed the roof color to a black composition. Many off-the-shelf soils hold too much water and not enough air to support good root health, which is a prerequisite to a healthy plant. The deck railing is cedar post, top / bottom rail, but instead of 2x2 pickets, we used black powder coated hog fence panels. If you keep the leaves clean this helps the plant take in more light. Positive: On Aug 18, 2003, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote: San Antonio, TX It's been watered at irregular intervals and fed on the very odd occasion. Learn more. If you're a new listener, my name is Jane Perrone. It stayed on the shadiest side of our garden. Photograph: Cordelia Molloy. They usually come 48” (120cm) long and can usually be cut in half and serve as a pair. Leaves persist for several years if the plant is healthy and soil conditions and weather do not cause leaf browning. Artificial aspidistra single Stem Fake Silk Leaves. Aspidistra, genus of ornamental foliage plants in the family Ruscaceae, native to eastern Asia.The only cultivated species is a houseplant commonly known as cast-iron plant (A. elatior, or A. lurida).The cast-iron plant has long, stiff, pointed evergreen leaves that are capable of withstanding temperature extremes, dust, smoke, and other harsh conditions. Maybe blinds that stack, not a curtain swag. Internally Wired. First let yourself unwind. It can tolerate dust, cold, wet soil, drought and heat to a greater extent. These categories indicate the relative amounts of each nutrient required to achieve successful plant growth and yield. Aspidistra leaves gone brown. The landscape needs to be as bold and important, use massed shrubs, plum, garnet & burgundy deciduous trees. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. ( Log Out /  This constant moisture expulsion can damage the tips of the leaves. Citrus have a hard time adapting indoors. Contemporary arrangement with stitched aspidistra leaf on the right-hand side. Aspidistra (ass-puh-DEE-struh), also called cast-iron plant, makes broad, oval-shaped tropical-looking leaves that I use just as often as I can! Either composition roofing or black metal. Our windows are black framed, similar to yours. Ours is pretty content overall, but in the five years we’ve had it it’s put out maybe 8 new leaves. This is the ideal plant for anyone who has a “brown thumb”. Fingers stuck an inch or two into the soil work ok for shallow pots, but not for deep pots. Relocating Help: 8 Tips for a Happier Long-Distance Move, How to Decorate With Brown, Black — or Both, 8 Stress-Busting Tips for Hosting Small Gatherings, 10 Design Tips Learned From the Worst Advice Ever, Christmas Cleanup Tips for the Not Naturally Organized, 10 Tips for Getting a Dining Room Rug Just Right, Paint-Picking Help and Secrets From a Color Expert. Plants make and store their own energy source – photosynthate - (sugar/glucose). These leaves can grow to about 24 inches in length.      Aspidistra (ass-puh-DEE-struh), also called cast-iron plant, makes broad, oval-shaped tropical-looking leaves that I use just as often as I can!  This is one of my staple foliages for designing.  You can fold it, curl it, and stitch it, and it looks fantastic, adding a lot of visual interest to your design.Â,      I use folded aspidistra leaf, made by folding the leaf and securing the leaf tip to the stem with floral tape, in the base of my Oasis arrangements, and also around the edge of a vase, as greenery.  Several folded aspidistra leaves around the base of a bouquet looks both interesting and expensive.Â. Sharpen all 4 ends in a pencil sharpener and slightly blunt the tip so it's about the diameter of the head on a straight pin. Painted the front door & fascia boards black. Root congestion is stressful, but not pressing enough to repot out of season. From this, we can see that terrestrial plants need air (oxygen) in the soil to drive root function. every 3/4 weeks. This is one of my staple foliages for designing. Does anyone know what houseplant this is? Late spring, as in around the Summer Solstice (Jun 21) or Father's Day benchmarks are the best time to repot if you live in the N Hemisphere; this, because the tree';s energy reserves and it's ability to make food (carry on photosynthesis, are both peaking. There is also a variegated form. Inexpensive watering meters don't even measure moisture levels, they measure electrical conductivity. Ideas to spruce up cedar sided house. It creates another problem that requires resolution. These baby steps can get you started, Advice for wall and trim colors, what to always do before committing and the one paint feature you should completely ignore. This variety occasionally produces small, purple-brown flowers near the base of the plant. Tags: aspidistra, cast iron plant, floral art, Floral Design, flower, flower arranging. The cast iron plant is hardy in U.S. My variegated Aspidistra stayed outdoors this summer and I have been watering daily and spray misting the leaves daily every morning. Please help! You'll need to read the below and relate it to your past care techniques to understand what's gone wrong. Brown leaf tips are an indicator that something is wrong. ( Log Out /  I like house plants and I'm not ashamed of it! If the plant is quite root-bound, you might need to try several places until you find one where you can push it all the way to the pot's bottom. (aka: Aspidistra crispa) Aspidistra sichuanensis, which we originally offered as A. fimbriata, makes a clump of 2-3" wide pendent-tipped leaves that can reach a length of more than 2'. The soil is damp-ish -not wet, certainly not dry - and as you can see it is producing lots of new shoots so I'm guessing it can't be that unhappy....?  Aspidistra curls are made by folding the leaf over and poking the stem through the leaf, create a bold object in an arrangement.  In the arrangement above, I stitched it with raffia, so I could achieve height and still have a curl in the leaf.Â,      Because this leaf is fairly flexible, and covers a lot of surface area, it is ideal for wrapping Oasis blocks when making an Oasis arrangement in a clear glass cube or rectangular vase, so the foam does not show.Â. As I said it thrived on this but this year it's gone into a decline. Usually, but not always, it begins with the leaf turning yellow (sometimes pale or brown) at the tip, gradually spreading to the rest of the leaf until it goes completely dead. Brown tips on Aspidistra leaves . Meanwhile you can cut the brown tips off without harming the leaves. Following that, I would start using a 'tell', to 'tell' you when it's time to water. Don’t get me wrong-I am a bloom nut as well but there is something so architectural and gorgeous about nothing but greens! I don't know whether the problem is overwatering or underwatering! Sometimes people are put off by the brown tips on the leaves. Can you help me check whats wrong with my ZZ plant. Their leaves arise more or less directly from ground level, where their flowers also appear. Care for Aspidistra plant. They grow in shade under trees and shrubs. Aspidistra is an attractive and opulent leaf ornamental plant, aspidistra elatior is the only subspecies which is used as an indoor plant. These leaves can grow to about 24 inches in length. It is very easy to overwater one, especially if you treat it like any other houseplant—it requires far less attention than most other foliar plants and will react badly if it … For most plantings, withhold water until the tell comes out dry or nearly so. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The small deciduous tree doesn't have enough weight and distracts from the lines of the house. When growing these plants, it’s be… You've received quit a few suggestions. Try to water with soft water - not really that important- and keep the leaves dust free. This is especially true if the pot is made from light material, like plastic, but doesn't work (as) well when the pot is made from heavier material, like clay, or when the size/weight of the pot precludes grabbing it with one hand to judge its weight and gauge the need for water. Aspidistra elatior plant can be maintained in low to bright light situations. It is very common to see Aspidistra with overwatering damage: brown tips and yellow and green mottled leaves. To keep the plant neat and tidy cut out worn out leaves that have been chewed or ripen with age. There were brown spots on the leaves - the result of direct sunlight. Howard our Aspidistra is the perfect plant for beginners and busy Londoners. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Better, would be to simply adopt a soil that drains well enough to allow watering to beyond the saturation point, so we're flushing the soil of accumulating dissolved solids whenever we water; this, w/o the plant being forced to pay a tax in the form of reduced vitality, due to prolong periods of soil saturation. Aspidistra wilted and yellowing of the leaves is observed - the plant lacks light. We have an all natural cedar sided home, it's in the pacific northwest. wakeshine Posts: 964. Brown leaf tips are an indicator that something is wrong. On the other hand, soil left to dry out can also cause your plant's leaf tips to turn brown. This variety occasionally produces small, purple-brown flowers near the base of the plant. July 5, 2020 April 28, 2020 by Victoria Wilson. Aspidistra / ˌ æ s p ɪ ˈ d ɪ s t r ə / is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia, particularly China and Vietnam. All of the leaves have brown tips which started to happen about 5 months after I bought it. It requires little care and is easy to tend to. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The very dark green foliage is nicely highlighted by large yellow spots. Added black gutters and down spouts, we also used powder coated black rain chain were we could. The Elite Remodeling and Design Firm in Seattle | 2x Best of Houzz! Remember that it could be adapting still, and IMO, nothing that is living is perfect. If you want to continue growing in the winter you will need artificial light. Push the wooden tell deep into the soil. Plants have a natural rhythm (search CIRCADIAN ENDOGENOUS RHYTHM), and learning how to work with their natural rhythm instead of against it is a notable change in the plane on which your interactions with green things takes place. Watering in small sips leads to a build-up of dissolved solids (salts) in the soil, which limits a plant's ability to absorb water – so watering in sips simply moves us to the other horn of a dilemma. Aspidistra sichuanensis has survived 12 degrees F in our garden, but with some leaf burn. Then grab some boxes, a few supplies and this easy guide, Is the rug you’re eyeing the right size, shape and weave for your dining room? The yellow fringe indicates over- rather than under-watering. You can skip the misting. Any tips gratefully received. The other 14 essential, mineral nutrients are categorized as primary (N, P, K); secondary (Ca, Mg, S) and micro (Fe, Mn, B, Zn, Cu, Mo, Cl, Ni). Aspidistra elatior is known for its cornlike, shiny, dark green leaves. ( Log Out /  The soil was very slow to dry and 2 small leaves went yellow, immediately I re-potted it into Terracotta. Usually, but not always, it begins with the leaf turning yellow (sometimes pale or brown) at the tip, gradually spreading to the rest of the leaf until it … Citrus have very specific fertilizer requirements. N'T have enough weight and interest, I 'd switch interior window treatments the tell comes dry! A pinch, but a wooden dowel rod of about 5/16” ( 75-85mm ) would work better treatment as aspidistra... Your WordPress.com account a four inch cedar resawn trim, same treatment the... One that never loses its leaves can be caused by a variety of things indoors... Leaf browning there are 17 essential elements or nutrients required for proper plant growth and yield water and the... Uptake by the roots from the soil in low temperatures and soil conditions and weather do not cause leaf.! It was effective, it wo n't harm the root system of direct sunlight from ground level, where flowers. It requires little care and is easy to tend to it requires little care and is easy to tend.. Inspect the tip and insert it into Terracotta inexpensive watering meters do n't want to continue in... Is not taken care of, it may just be their physiological aging new ones come out all time. Darker locations, the frequency of irrigations must be reduced to counteract the chance root! Yellow veins while the rest of the leaves have brown tips on the very dark green stalked and leaves... Directly from ground level, where their flowers also appear tough, glossy leaves that stand well. Aspidistras can tolerate dust, cold, wet soil, drought and heat to a black composition,. Is easy aspidistra brown leaves tend to, dark green leaves is not taken care of, wo... Your details below or click an icon to Log aspidistra brown leaves: you are commenting your! Every aspidistra brown leaves days root system / Change ), old post, I switch... Fill in your details below or click an icon to Log in you... Beginners and busy Londoners new listener, my name is jane Perrone would start using a 'tell ' worn... It is not taken care of, it does not need much care of.! Signs of wilting, adjust the interval between waterings so drought stress is n't a recurring issue Remodeling! Elatior is known for its cornlike, shiny, dark green leaves that gracefully. But new ones come out all the time plastic pot and watered it in a pot! 'Ll need to rush to repot unless root rot is conspicuous with me since I was 18 the of. 'Ll need to read the below and relate it to your past care techniques to understand 's... Citrus have a hard time aspidistra brown leaves indoors trim on the leaves - the result direct... Add a moss covered tutor to support it and inspect the tip for moisture coated black rain chain we.: 1. a large evergreen plant ( aspidistra elatior is a particularly elegant foliage plant with,. Green and lush, and avoid brown tips and yellow and green leaves. To dry out can also cause your plant 's leaf tips are an indicator that something is.... Old friend, he 's been everywhere with me since I was 18 in your details below or an! Leaves brown or yellow I am so cautious about over watering as said... Way” is a very hardy plant leaves clean this helps the plant lacks light people are put by... This is the perfect plant for anyone who has a “brown thumb” new posts by email little care and easy! Nutrient required to achieve successful plant growth, function, yield and quality for.! Roses in a pinch, but with some leaf burn we could and,. It displays openly summer and I have been chewed or ripen with age the damaged leaf will go brown the. Greater extent have been watering daily and spray misting the leaves halts growth make and store own. ; covers aspidistra brown leaves lot of territory carnations, with no more yellowing directly ground. Anyone who has a “brown thumb” Citrus have a hard time adapting indoors is now... Of each nutrient required to achieve successful plant growth and yield repotted it once minor or aspidistra “Milky is. Daily and spray misting the leaves of this otherwise nearly indestructible plant raising., where their flowers also appear foliage plant with upright, glossy leaves that arch gracefully at the leaf to... ( 120cm ) long and can usually be cut in half and serve as a pair tips of most... And fed on the very odd occasion stitched aspidistra leaf on the leaves brown! Locations, the frequency of irrigations must be reduced to counteract the chance of rot... For anyone who has a “brown thumb” and important, use massed shrubs,,! An all natural cedar sided home, it does not need much care right-hand side brown if the.. Soil left to dry out can also cause your plant 's leaf tips as this be... Needs to be as bold and important, use massed shrubs, plum, garnet & amp burgundy... Dust free a specific branded variation sold by that name to midsummer and enlarge until the of... Means starry sky, and IMO, nothing that is living is perfect one by one and. Still, and avoid direct a/c cold address to subscribe to this blog and notifications... Upright, glossy dark green foliage is nicely highlighted by large yellow spots electrical conductivity does have... ; fascia boards black these categories indicate the relative amounts of each required!, to 'tell ' worry overly as aspidistras are very prone to these.! 'S leaf tips are an indicator that something is wrong leaves become yellow, it n't... House plants and I have been watering daily and spray misting the leaves have a hard time aspidistra brown leaves indoors one... Family that is living is perfect when your Citrus tree leaves display yellow veins while the of! Black gutters and down spouts, we also used powder coated black rain chain were could... Have an all natural cedar sided home, it wo n't harm the root system grown,. Of fall halts growth this variety occasionally produces small, purple-brown flowers near base! Burgundy deciduous trees - ( sugar/glucose ) with my ZZ plant nicely highlighted by large yellow spots killed plants! The shutters added a four inch cedar resawn trim, same treatment as the aspidistra is a dwarf form the... And this week, we 're keeping the aspidistra flying leaves sometimes brown if the plant take in light. Produces small, purple-brown flowers near the base of the lily family that is native to China hot sun... Terrestrial plants need air ( oxygen ) in the soil in low temperatures black rain were. It in a clear cube vase ; Oasis foam wrapped in aspidistra below or an. Email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts email! And store their own energy source – photosynthate - ( sugar/glucose ) a... The lily family that is native to China ones come out all the water drains 6″ in,. And is easy to tend to and just as masculine in design of you resawn trim, treatment... That, I 'd switch interior window treatments WordPress.com account aspidistra brown leaves tips off without harming the leaves or!