You can easily search your city pincode and other information about your city by using our quick Pin Code Locator Tool. The Central College of Bangalore is the oldest college in the city, it was established in the year 1858. [66] However, Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during summer- more so in the years of low rainfall. [41], The Bangalore fort was captured by the British armies under Lord Cornwallis on 21 March 1791 during the Third Anglo-Mysore War and formed a centre for British resistance against Tipu Sultan. Also known as the Silicon Valley of India, Bangalore has an estimated 2014 population of 11,440,000 in the metro area. The highest point is Vidyaranyapura Doddabettahalli, which is 962 metres (3,156 feet) and is situated to the north-west of the city. km to 2185 within a span of ten years (2006 to 2016). Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. [157] There are also plans to extend the north–south line to the airport, covering a distance of 29.6 kilometres (18.4 mi). [99][100][101] Muslims form a very diverse population, consisting of Dakhini and Urdu-speaking Muslims, Kutchi Memons, Labbay and Mappilas. Taxis are metered and are generally more expensive than auto-rickshaws. Slums are increasing by the year in Bangalore and in other urban areas of Karnataka, which is one of the highly urbanized states with 37% of its 6.11 crore people living in urban areas. [219][220], Bangalore got its first look at television when Doordarshan established a relay centre here and started relaying programs from 1 November 1981. A spatial map of ISA was generated using normalized spectral mixture analysis (NSMA) showing a standard error of 9.25%. Don't find your taluk in search results ? [69] The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). Bangalore is widely regarded as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter. [133] Recently a study found that over 36% of diesel vehicles in the city exceed the national limit for emissions. There is also a railway line from Baiyappanahalli to Vimanapura which is no longer in use. [228], Namma Wifi is a free municipal wireless network in Bangalore, the first free WiFi in India. [165] BMTC and KSRTC were the first operators in India to introduce Volvo city buses and intracity coaches in India. [64], In the 16th century, Kempe Gowda I constructed many lakes to meet the town's water requirements. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus, Tiberius, and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and HAL indicate that the region was involved in trans-oceanic trade with the Romans and other civilisations in 27 BCE. The old city ("pētē") developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore. Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. Click on the Detailed button under the image to switch to a more detailed map. [139] The waste management scenario in the state of Karnataka is regulated by the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) under the aegis of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) which is a Central Government entity. Date of formation: Bangalore Urban District was formed on 15 th August 1986 when the Bangalore District was split into two. In 1859, Bangalore Herald became the first English bi-weekly newspaper to be published in Bangalore and in 1860, Mysore Vrittanta Bodhini became the first Kannada newspaper to be circulated in Bangalore. While it remained in the princely territory of Mysore, Cantonment had a large military presence and a cosmopolitan civilian population that came from outside the princely state of Mysore, including British and Anglo-Indians army officers. Demographics [31], The region of modern-day Bangalore was part of several successive South Indian kingdoms. The university has two campuses within Bangalore – Jnanabharathi and Central College. Beginning September 2008, Bangalore has also been hosting the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open ATP tournament annually.[234]. Kempe Gowda I's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four towers that marked Bangalore's boundary. It is surrounded by prominent neighborhoods. [70] The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. Elections will not be held until the new constituencies were drawn after the state legislature passes the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) Bill, 2020. [39], Modern Bangalore was begun in 1537 by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, Kempe Gowda I, who aligned with the Vijayanagara empire to campaign against Gangaraja (whom he defeated and expelled to Kanchi), and who built a mud-brick fort for the people at the site that would become the central part of modern Bangalore. [89], Official language of Bangalore is Kannada. [38] During the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire, Achyuta Deva Raya of the Tuluva Dynasty raised the Shivasamudra Dam across the Arkavati river at Hesaraghatta, whose reservoir is the present city's supply of regular piped water. The airport started operations from 24 May 2008 and is a private airport managed by a consortium led by the GVK Group. The fathers of the Paris Foreign Missions established the St. Joseph's European School in 1858. Bommasandra Industrial Area, Bommasandra, Bangalore Urban is a Locality in Bangalore City in Karnataka State, India. Correlations between NDVI, NDBI and fraction of ISA with LST indicate a strong linear negative relationship between LST and ISA with a coefficient of correlation 0.85 and 0.94 s for January and April respectively and is contrary to the conventionally accepted positive SUHI phenomenon. Other information technology companies followed suit and by the end of the 20th century, Bangalore had established itself as the Silicon Valley of India. 1. After India's independence in August 1947, Bangalore remained in the newly carved Mysore State of which the Maharaja of Mysore was the Rajapramukh (appointed governor). Though Bangalore has been classified as a part of the seismic zone II (a stable zone), it has experienced quakes of magnitude as high as 4.5. Our most attractive revenue sharing program is in association with Google. [231] A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore, including former captains Rahul Dravid and Anil Kumble. The Government of Karnataka has carved out the new district of Ramanagara from the old Bangalore Rural district. [citation needed], Bangalore was hit by a plague epidemic in 1898 that claimed nearly 3,500 lives. Road and Brigade Road from Friday", Bangalore replaces Mumbai on ATP Tour circuit, "Davis Cup – Player profile – Rohan BOPANNA (IND)", "Touch Play: The Prakash Padukone Story | Badminton Mania", Bengaluru Beast captain Kaif Zia credits basketball for changing his life, "Annual Report of the Archaeological researches in Mysore during the year 1914-15", "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future Projections", Official website of Bangalore Development Authority, International Institute of Information Technology, Rashtreeya Vidyalaya College of Engineering, Sir M Visvesvaraya Institute Of Technology, Xavier Institute of Management and Entrepreneurship, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Mysore Education Society Kishora Kendra School, St. Joseph's Boys' High School, Bangalore, The Frank Anthony Public School, Bangalore,, Cities and towns in Bangalore Urban district, High-technology business districts in India, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with disputed statements from April 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Geographical articles missing image alternative text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bangalorean, Bengalurinavaru, Bengalurean, Bengaluriga. Road, Brigade Road, and other locations. This political map of Bangalore Urban is one of them. Three-wheeled, yellow and black or yellow and green auto-rickshaws, referred to as autos, are a popular form of transport. Kempe Gowda declared independence, then in 1638, a large Adil Shahi Bijapur army led by Ranadulla Khan and accompanied by his second in command Shāhji Bhōnslé defeated Kempe Gowda III,[41] and Bangalore was given to Shāhji as a jagir (feudal estate). By 2012, Bangalore will join Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkatta as a mega city in India (Taubenböck et al. [43] Following Tipu's death in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), the British returned administrative control of the Bangalore "pētē" to the Maharaja of Mysore and was incorporated into the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandubhūmi" or "Land of Heroes". [32] According to Edgar Thurston[33] there were twenty-eight kings who ruled Gangavadi from the start of the Christian era until its conquest by the Cholas. [136], Ιn 2012 Bangalore generated 2.1 million tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (195.4 kg/cap/yr). [211][212]Vijaya Karnataka and The Times of India are the most widely circulated Kannada and English newspapers in Bangalore respectively, closely followed by the Prajavani and Deccan Herald both owned by the Printers (Mysore) Limited – the largest print media house in Karnataka. Residents of Bangalore are referred to as "Bangaloreans" in English and Bengaloorinavaru or Bengaloorigaru in Kannada. [134], Anil Kumar, Commissioner Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike BBMP, said: "The deteriorating Air Quality in cities and its impact on public health is an area of growing concern for city authorities. The town had two main streets—Chikkapeté Street, which ran east–west, and Doddapeté Street, which ran north–south. [16] After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. [57] Public sector employment and education provided opportunities for Kannadigas from the rest of the state to migrate to the city. [28][29], A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli, Sidhapura and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. km. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. Karnataka Rajyotsava is widely celebrated on 1 November and is a public holiday in the city, to mark the formation of Karnataka state on 1 November 1956. Bangalore city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Bangalore Urban Region. 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