Grey Biotechnology refers to environmental applications to maintain biodiversity and the removal of pollutants or contaminants using microorganisms and plants to isolate and dispose of many kinds of substances such as heavy metals and hydrocarbons. There is also a need to have the crops grown to be able to make use of the less arable regions of the world. For over 6,000 years, the biological processes of microorganisms have been used to make and improve on a wide range of food products including bread and cheese, and to help preserve dairy products. 5. The resultant methane can be utilized in other industrial processes or as fuel. An example of this application is the production Golden Rice where the rice is infused with beta-carotene. Some bacteria also thrive on the chemical components of waste products. One of the materials with the strongest tensile strength is spider webs. 9. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. It also helps fight human diseases. Microbes can be induced to produce enzymes required to turn plant and vegetable materials into building blocks for biodegradable plastics. Biotechnology has provided techniques for the creation of crops that express anti-pest characteristics naturally, making them very resistant to pests, as opposed to having to keep dusting them and spraying them with pesticides. In a bid to understand more regarding biotechnology, here are its types, examples, and applications. Examples of Biotechnology in Agriculture Biotechnology is used in agriculture to increase yield, pest resistance, drought resistance, and herbicide resistance of crops. biotechnology example sentences. Genetic modification of crops started thousands of years ago through selective breeding for preferred traits, but with the advances in technology in the modern day, scientists are able to directly manipulate genes. Biotechnology is behind blockbuster drugs for treating cancer and heart disease, and it’s being deployed in cutting-edge research to cure Alzheimer’s and reverse aging. Traditional chemical synthesis uses often-undesirable products, such as HCl, and involves large amounts of energy. Examples of Biotechnology tools used globally in plant breeding Genetic engineering is used produce transgenic/genetically modified (GM) plants containing unique characteristics. Gene therapy can help reduce or remove the effects of a disease, such as cancer or AIDS, but is still mostly in research and development. When the individual becomes exposed to the actual disease, the body of the individual immediately recognizes it and quickly forms a defense against it since it already has some information on it. Bioethics. Selective breeding has been a practice humans have engaged in since farming began. The production of the same chemicals can be done more economically and made more environmentally friendly using biocatalysts. Most Proteins are molecules that serve as the machinery and the catalysts that make cells function. For example, one application of biotechnology is the directed use of microorganisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer and milk products). These organisms had their genetic code altered (usually by combining with genes from other organisms), in order to eliminate defects and develop new properties. From its inception, biotechnology has maintained a close relationship with society. It affects the most people through genetically modified crops. The desired enzyme can be manufactured in commercial quantities using biotechnology. Biotechnology involves the production of alcohol, detergents, cosmetic products, etc. Many useful Biotech products are also proteins or are made by proteins. White Biotechnology draws inspiration from industrial biotech to design more energy-efficient, less polluting, and low resource-consuming processes and products that can beat traditional ones. There is actually very little land on earth that is arable, with some estimates that place it at around 20 percent. Biotechnology is the use of biomechanical methods to modify genetic material so they will perform new functions. Black-eyed Susans are perennials that are basically pest-free. Gene therapy is a biotechnology application involving a collection of methods that can correct a gene defect in a child or an embryo. Applying the techniques of modern molecular biology, it improves efficiency and reduces the multifaceted environmental impacts of industrial processes including paper and pulp, chemical manufacturing, and textile. Enzymes are proteins produced by all organisms. The scientists behind the technology called CRISPR/Cas9 believe it may be the key to safely editing DNA for curing genetic disease. Commodity Chemicals and Specialty Chemicals, practice humans have engaged in since farming, Can You Recycle Photos? Biotechnology has been used since ancient times for example in the making of wine, cheese, beer, and even animal breeding. Likewise, biotech has been used to make improvements to other common ornamental plants, in particular, shrubs and trees. These fuels are good for the environment as they do not produce greenhouse gases. This silk has created much interest in the possible production of materials made from silk, including body armor such as bulletproof jackets. One of the most important uses of biotechnology is the infusion of nutrients into food in situations such as aid. Examples of this include using bacteria to make yogurt, cheese and vinegar. Strides have been made in the development of antibiotics that combat pathogens for humans. One of the biggest applications of biotechnology is in the energy production sector. The reason for this is that the fungus produces a protein (Bt), which is very effective against pests such as the European corn borer. Biopiracy 8. Example sentences with the word biotechnology. (And 10 Ways to Reuse Egg Shells), Tropical Rainforest Equivalent To A Football Pitch Vanished Every Six Seconds, “Time is Fast Running Out For Us” To Evade Catastrophic Impacts of Climate Change, Warns UN Secretary-General, Prince William To Give Away Prize of Millions of Dollars To Help Encourage People Finding Solutions To Climate Crisis, Countries Need To Triple GHG Emissions Cut Commitments To Meet Paris Climate Agreement Goals, Can You Recycle Propane Tanks? The additional gene may come from the same species or a different species. (And 7 Ways to Reuse), Are Egg Shells Recyclable? Modified bacteria cells that produce insulin as they age helps treat and control the effects of diabetes in humans over time. Biotechnology is generally involved in changing the genes of a an organism to get the desired result. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Violet Biotechnology deals with the law, ethical and philosophical issues around biotechnology. A very common example of traditional use of biotechnology in our everyday life is making curd or dahi (in Hindi) at home. (And Is It Bad For Environment), Are Solar Panels Recyclable? The applications are: 1. Examples include the creation of new materials in the construction industry, and the manufacture of beer and wine, washing detergents, and personal care products. Dark Biotechnology is associated with bioterrorism or biological weapons and biowarfare using microorganisms, and toxins to cause diseases and death in humans, domestic animals, and crops. Agricultural biotechnology focuses on developing genetically modified plants to increase crop yields or introduce characteristics to those plants that provide them with an advantage growing in regions that place some kind of stress factor on the plant, namely weather, and pests. The field usually leads to the development of new drugs and treatments, novel to the field. Biotechnology helps in the production of crops that can handle abiotic stress such as cold, drought, salinity, etc. This type of therapy is still promising and has had good results in testing phases. Find out more about ancient biotechnology. There are cases where the byproducts of the pollution-fighting microorganisms are themselves useful. Methane can be derived from a type of bacteria that degrades sulfur liquor, which is a waste product of the paper manufacturing industry. The body combats the weakened pathogens and, through the process, takes note of the cell structure of the pathogens and has some cells that ‘remember’ the disease and store away the information within the body. The method of fermentation using the microbial organisms and their derivatives is applied by which raw materials that are non-palatable and easily perishable are converted to edible and potable foods and beverages, which have a longer shelf life. It means that there is a need to develop crops that can handle these abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought, and frost from cold. Environmental biotechnology is the technology used in waste treatment and pollution prevention that can more efficiently clean up many wastes compared to conventional methods and significantly reduce our dependence on methods for land-based disposal. The primary applications of this technology are in medicine (production of vaccines and antibiotics) and agriculture (genetic modification of crops, such as to increase yields). Posts about Example Of Biotechnology written by deblaahppmlruleman. Biotechnological techniques have been used to pick the genes found in spiders and their infusion in goats to produce the silk proteins in their milk. Biotechnology is the use of biological systems found in organisms or the use of the living organisms themselves to make technological advances and adapt those technologies to various fields. New vaccines employing green biotechnology innovations are changing the processes of preventing illnesses, particularly in developing countries. Industrial biotechnology is the application of biotechnology that ranges from the production of cellular structures to the production of biological elements for numerous uses. Source(s): examples biotechnology: https://tr.im/zCk8F. The rice has Vitamin A, which the body can quickly synthesize. Biotechnology is used in the textile industry for the finishing of fabrics and garments. It includes the practice of using cells such as microorganisms, or components of cells like enzymes, to generate products in sectors that are industrially useful, such as food and feed, chemicals, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles, biofuels, and biogas. It involves the study of bacteria, plant & animal cells, to first understand the way they function at a fundamental level. It heavily involves the study of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) to get to know how to manipulate the genetic makeup of cells to increase the production of beneficial characteristics that humans might find useful, such as the production of insulin. Biotechnology has also proved helpful in refining industrial processes, in environmental cleanup, and in agricultural production. Such information provides the basis for making informed decisions enhancing the capability of the scientists to predict the expression of those genes. The crop’s sugar can be fermented to acid, which can then be used as an intermediate to produce other chemical feedstocks for various products. What is Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficiency Ratio and Energy Efficient Lighting? You have certainly made a good decision if you have decided that you want to grow your own organic garden. How to use biotechnology in a sentence. They achieve this by inserting attenuated (weakened) versions of the disease into the body’s bloodstream. But, different organisms need different types of nutrients. Biotechnology also has many industrial applications, such as fermentation, the treatment of oil spills, and the production of biofuels. Desirable characteristics included larger animals, animals more resistant to disease, and more domicile animals, all geared to making the process of farming as profitable as possible. Biotechnology has exploded in the late 20th century with the ability to sequence and manipulate genomes. These are essential components of modern detergents that remove protein impurities and are used for breaking down starch, protein, and fatty acids present on items being washed. Medical biotechnology is the use of living cells and other cell materials to better the health of humans. There are some purely aesthetic applications, and an example of this is the use of gene identification and transfer techniques to improve the color, smell, size, and other features of flowers. (And Ways to Dispose of Them), Are Yogurt Cups Recyclable? These plants produce higher quality food at a higher rate, and are often resistant to pests and diseases, which helps feed larger amounts of people for a lower price on less land. (And 5 Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), Is Denim Eco-Friendly? Many plants are grown and genetically engineered to produce the antibodies. It does not only include applications in fields that involve the living but also any other field where the information obtained from the biological aspect of an organism can be applied. With this initiative, it makes production quite easier as goats are much easier to handle compared to spiders, and the creation of silk via milk also helps make the processing and handling much convenient compared to handling the actual silk strands. In the current decade, significant progress has been made in creating genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that enhance the diversity of applications and the economic viability of industrial biotechnology. Yes, there is, with gene therapy! Applying bioremediation waste can be converted to biofuel to run generators. Biotechnology helps improve crops so they produce more, healthier produce. Example Of Biotechnology March 18, 2013 by felipeppxhppjarecke. Food biotechnology is the use of technology to modify the genes of our food sources. Yellow Biotechnology relates to the use of biotechnology in food production, for example, in making wine, cheese, and beer by fermentation. E.g., Polymer-grade acrylamide. Biotechnology includes practices and discoveries in the fields of medicine, industry, agriculture and in the care of the environment. ), Can You Recycle Lotion Bottles? Every organism ingests nutrients to live and produces byproducts as a result. After consuming the waste materials, the bacteria either die off or return to their normal population levels in the environment. The attenuated disease pathogens are extracted using biotechnological techniques such as growing the antigenic proteins in genetically engineered crops. In Africa and the Middle East, for instance, where the climate can be unforgiving, the practice has played a significant role in the development of crops that can withstand the prevailing harsh climates. For example, genetically engineering rice is developed to increase vitamin A. It causes the body to react as if it was under attack from the non-attenuated version of the disease. How To Grow An Organic Garden That You Can Be Proud Of. Examples of early biotechnologies include domesticating plants and animals and then selectively breeding them for specific characteristics. Amongst other materials with the same cross-sectional width, spider webs can take more tensional force before breaking than even steel. Primarily, it is used for finding cures as well as getting rid of and preventing diseases. Biotechnology more directly helps humans with gene therapy and the modification of bacteria to produce insulin for patients with diabetes. Environmental engineers introduce nutrients to stimulate the activity of bacteria that already exists in the soil at a waste site or add new bacteria to the soil. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.”. This practice has been transferred to the molecular level with the same purpose. This area of biotech is exclusively based on transgenics (genetic modification), i.e., an extra gene or genes inserted into their DNA. The bacteria help in digesting the waste right at the site, thereby turning it into harmless byproducts. All Rights Reserved . Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? For example BT-cotton (biotechnology cotton) is developed to produce cottonvariety plants with high resistance to diseases, pests and also adverse climate. Genetically Modified Crops 2. The science involved includes the use of these tools for research to find different or more efficient ways of maintaining human health, understanding pathogens, and understanding human cell biology. It also helps fight human diseases. Therefore, it provides food with heavy nutrients that are necessary for such circumstances. The production of protease results in biomass that, in turn, yields a useful byproduct, an organic fertilizer. Here, the technique is used to produce pharmaceutical drugs as well as other chemicals to combat diseases. Some examples of biotechnology include human gene therapy, genetically modifying plants and changing the genes of bacteria. Below are 10 ways industrial biotechnology is in our homes. Sustainable Agriculture 4. This translates to quicker healing and less time being symptomatic. Biotechnology is allowing this to happen with advances such as using corn to produce combustible fuel for running car engines. technology used on living systems and organisms to study and discover products that facilitate a better life 2017 was the Hottest Year Without an El Niño : UN, 15 Good Reasons You Need an Air Purifier For Your Home, Color Classification of Branches of Biotechnology. Everyday examples include the production of bread, yoghurt and vinegar using microorganisms and the use of enzymes in detergents. Green Biotechnology emphasizes on agriculture that involves creating new plant varieties of agricultural interest, biopesticides, and biofertilizers. For example, in the development of new drugs or treatments for certain diseases, the development of crops and the production of lime, the treatment of waste and recycling. Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching . The practice involves choosing the animals with the most desirable characteristics to breed with each other so that the resulting offspring would also express these traits. Principles Of Biotechnology. With an increase in the world’s population, there is a need for the food sources available to be as effective as possible to produce as much food in as little space as possible. The Bt protein is the desired characteristic scientist would like the plants to have, and for this reason, they identified the gene causing Bt protein to express in the fungus and transferred it to corn. Over 30 years, many GM crops have been produced with resistance to diseases or … An example of this would be the fungus Bacillus thuringiensis genes being transferred to crops. Industrial biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for industrial purposes that also include industrial fermentation. In some of the cases, the practice involves scientists identifying a characteristic, finding the gene that causes it, and then putting that gene within another plant so that it gains that desirable characteristic, making it more durable or having it produce larger yields than it previously did. Alcohol production is one of the most basic applications of industrial biotechnology. Biowar 9. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. Brewing and baking bread are examples of processes that fall within the concept of biotechnology (use of yeast (= living organism) to produce the desired product). An example is its use in flower production, where traits such as color and smell potency are enhanced. Biotechnology undoubtedly has brought a number of reforms in human, plant as well as animal life. The following are some noteworthy areas of expansion: For instance, beer is made from water, a starch source such as barley, brewer’s yeast and a flavouring such as hops. Some examples of biotechnology include human gene therapy, genetically modifying plants and changing the genes of bacteria. The method is more cost-effective than using cells or extracting these antibodies from animals as the plants can produce these antibodies in larger quantities. Biocatalysts have been developed by the industrial biotechnology companies such as enzymes, to synthesize chemicals. Gold biotechnology or Bioinformatics referred to as computational biology and can be defined as “conceptualizing biology” to address biological problems using computational techniques and makes the rapid organization as well as analysis of biological data possible. An example of this application is the use of biomechanical methods to modify the genes of to... 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