In the colonial era, they were part of the land claimed as New Spain. Snow can be seen at least once or twice a year on the highest points of the mountain range (typically above 4,000 ft). Sierra Estrella Quartz Veins, Montezumas Head area, Sierra Estrella Mountains, Gila River Indian Reservation, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA : A quartz occurrence located in sec. Pitch #1 is yellow; #2 is orange; #3 is blue; #4 is purple; #5 is red. It’s $74,400,000. It wouldn’t have paid for me to have been tied in to anything, as I had to be able to move around to dodge the rain of loose rock that Andy dislodged as he climbed (there was no help for this, as the rock was very rotten and crumbly in places). For example, Google Maps lists Hayes Peak as Sierra Estrella High Point and does not name any other peak. Lots of little hills popping out of the plains. An important note about this pitch is as follows – it is mostly a horizontal traverse, and hard to protect – both leader and second need to be very careful. The next I’d heard of Montezuma’s Head was when Dave Jurasevich led a group to it. I told Andy that I had no intention of just climbing up this series of ledges unroped. It was pretty hard to hear him from there. The reason it didn’t take long is because I refused to look down at the huge exposure below the rock fin, and I just got it over with as soon as possible. It is notable for being the last major battle fought solely between indigenous Americans in North America. Taking a break at the belay station at the bottom of the fourth pitch. There is no trail and no obvious reason to hike to the peak since it isn't the highest point in the Sierra Estrellas. The climb had lived up to its reputation. See the right-hand side of the pillar? We and our partners process personal data such as IP Address, Unique ID, browsing data for: Use precise geolocation data | Actively scan device characteristics for identification.. It was quick work up to the start of the chute, 20 feet up. This was really tricky, very awkward and risky. Created using Magisto. Montezuma’s Head. Once we unroped after the second pitch, we walked up to the left and up an easy open slope, gaining about 30 vertical feet and covering about 200 feet total distance. The major peaks of the Sierra Estrella are (NW to SE): The names of the peaks can vary by map. Andy took up the slack (our rope was 70 meters, or about 230 feet long). Take a gander at the left side – that’s the east face. Which brings us to me. He told me he was setting up a belay. From Hwy 238 between Maricopa and Gila Bend, head north on the 4x4 track at the intersection with Rio Bravo Road. Looking north from the summit in the soft afternoon light. You’d think he could’ve made more of an effort to get inside the vehicle. Now it was my turn. I stood there on a ledge with my face close to the rock, hanging on to a bush for some psychological comfort – truth be told, I was completely unnerved at this point. We hadn’t gone very far before it was totally dark. From here, he brought me up. We quickly gathered up gear, Andy put on his hiking boots and we hurried down to the saddle. The first story I’d heard of it was when an idiot climber I knew from Tucson had accidentally locked his keys in his car when he’d gone to climb it. The extreme elevation differences have cause diverse plant and animal communities. There is a bolt there. I still felt nervous about getting all the way back down to more level ground, and I was concerned about being benighted on the mountain. This is a comfortable 0.4 mile route. [5] To give some credit to the story a stone house does exist along with signs of mining. Sure, I thought, we’ll see! He did a great job in this crux part of the pitch, with some nice stemming moves. The park offers multi-use trails including a competitive loop for running and mountain biking. The story says the treasure was placed into an iron pot and buried “in a level campsite with a small butte” not far from Telegraph Pass in the south end of the Estrella Mountains “below Montezuma’s Head”. I started climbing with the pack (it contained drinks, food, extra clothes, first-aid, headlamps, etc, so Andy could lead the climb unencumbered). Steam locomotives soon replaced stage coaches across the United States, and the Butterfield Stage Route was no longer utilized.[4]. Andy and I have done a bunch of rappeling in the dark, and it was not fun – I didn’t want to do more of it. Canyon Station robbery. I took an easier, descending path than Andy had done, then followed his route up to where he belayed me. Andy said it was no problem for him to belay me up the last part to the summit, so, both still tied to the rope, he climbed further up for quite a way until he was out of sight. By far the hardest part of this pitch was, for me, wiggling up into the chute. 30 czerwca 1520) – ostatni przed przybyciem Hiszpanów tlatoani (władca) Azteków w latach 1502–1520; syn Axayacatla, brat Cuitláhuaca.. Montezuma, uznawany za władcę absolutnego, był władcą Azteków u szczytu potęgi miasta-państwa Tenochtitlán. Dave returned at a later date with Andy Bates – both of them were accomplished rock climbers – and they polished it off in style. Once the skies cleared next morning, snow covered the Estrella's mountain tops. This took us to the start of the third pitch. The Quartz Peak Trail takes you to the summit of the Sierra Estrella. Montezuma is located at (39.792172, -87.370328); it lies along the Wabash River on the western border of Parke County, where U.S. Route 36 crosses the river Most of the town is in Reserve Township, but the south edge extends into Wabash Township.. A man named Don Joaquin led an informal mining operation in the area in the 1840s, hoping to find gold in the mountains' hills. You do the math. It’s hard to miss this peak – from much of the area around Ajo, Arizona, it stands like a stone sentinel, guarding the northwest corner of the Ajo Range. North is of course at the top. At about 50′ up, he did the same with another of these pillars. Forty-eight thousand ounces at January 2020 gold prices of $1,550USD per ounce. We climbed up through brushy terrain directly towards the northern bump, gaining about 900 vertical feet and getting above a prominent band of yellow rock. It was chilly, maybe 55 or 60 degrees with the wind coming and going. Situated in the city of Seia, at the north slope of the national park, is a museum (“Museu do Pão”) (website is in Portuguese) dedicated to the traditions, history and art of Portuguese bread.Inside you will find four exhibition spaces and a restaurant serving all forms of Portuguese bread baked fresh in their bakery. 31, T3S, R2E, about 2¼ miles SW of Montezumas Head, on Indian Reservation land. He moved off to the right, out of the chute (thankfully), and disappeared from sight. Montezuma I – władca Azteków w latach 1440 – 1468; Montezuma II – władca Azteków w latach 1502 – 1520; Miejscowości w USA: . Man, that’d scare the bejeezus out of me if I were up there at that moment. Sometimes, the snow level can drop near 2,000 ft (610 m), but depends if the precipitation reaches the mountain range. The spot from which I belayed Andy as he led the second pitch was the only one on the whole climb where the belayer gets a bit of sunlight. Also, this variation makes this pitch a bit friendlier and safer than the direct route up the gulley through the reddish rock area. The trail is easily spotted at the base of the mountain. I felt better already with that 4th pitch behind us. He then climbed up and around a corner and was out of sight once again. I had just bought a new headlamp, which had a useable range of over 100 meters, so with it, we negotiated our way down through the brush and small cliffs below the yellow band. The first few feet of this pitch were up steep but fairly good rock, Class 4, up to an old pin with a hanger, at maybe 12′ off the ground. Mineralization is quartz veins of massive white quartz. Notable people [6], Four-wheel-drive vehicles are required to approach the wilderness boundary. And if you're like me, you've seen it many times. On his return from the Colorado River in March 1699, Kino climbed a pass through the Sierra Estrellas and saw the Río Salado and Río Verde that he drew on his maps. He hoped we could avoid a large red rock which sat directly in our path higher up. Pitch #3: This was another standing belay. We had made it – the summit of Montezuma’s Head, 3,634′. The route was massively successful its time, moving millions of dollars in supplies. Here’s another view, this one a telephoto shot from the desert floor to the north, fifteen hundred feet below the summit. The park has parking and a riding arena. Inner Loop Route. However, it was short-lived. The town is a former mining camp that sits at an elevation of 10,200 feet (3,110 m), just west of the Continental Divide, nestled among mountains that reach an elevation of 12,000-13,000 feet (3,700-4,000 m) around it. Mexican gold is said to be buried in this range, known as Montezuma's treasure. If your photo isn't featured, it will still be added to the full collection of photos for this peak. The Sierra Estrella (O'odham: Komaḍk , Maricopa: Vii Lyxa , Yavapai: Wi:kchasa ) is a mountain range located southwest of Phoenix, Arizona. We arrived at the top of the first pitch at 5:00 PM. Pitch #1: The start of this pitch is a dark, cheerless place. This area also caused most of the rockfall. At that 50′ mark, he had reached a nice ledge, and thought he would explore a bit. This legend involving the name of Montezuma come to us from the nearby Sierra Estrella mountains where a large stash of gold is supposedly buried near a rock outcropping which resembles the heard of a Native American, in this case (Montezuma). Andy started out by climbing up 5′ to the left on a shelf (very exposed), then around the corner to the right and out of sight, on to another shelf which he hollered back to me was “really nice and wide”. From the saddle, you can complete your summit by continuing up the ridgeline and taking a small cleft to the top. I started out, passed the shelf, then around the corner. We drove in the dark all the way across the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation to the village of Why, AZ and then south for 9.5 miles on AZ Highway 85 to a big roadside parking lot. Rim of Christendom by Herbert E. Bolton. He stepped up on to a ledge about 15′ away from where I was sitting, then moved up on to and around a rock fin (mid 5th) and up on to a ledge. I kept yelling out at Andy, asking how it was going, and he would patiently tell me that it was fine, that he was setting up a belay. [1] It soon became part of a trade route for settlers in California known as the Butterfield Overland stage. The Estrella Mountains, all perpendicular granite rising up to 4,337 feet at the Montezuma Peak, provide a spectacular backdrop to the south and west. 6. Rapping this pitch avoids the nasty chute, and there is a big overhang as well. The Sierra Estrella (O'odham: Komaḍk, Maricopa: Vii Lyxa, Yavapai: Wi:kchasa) is a mountain range located southwest of Phoenix, Arizona. https://www.alltrails.com/parks/us/arizona/estrella-mountain-regional-park Montezuma Mountains, Gila Indian Reservation, Arizona. He’s probably just saying that to make me feel better. He had a big grin on his face, and said “Isn’t this view amazing?” All I wanted to do was get on a solid footing, so I scrambled up behind him and hung on to a bush or a rock or something – I can’t even remember! Here’s a view looking back up at the peak, taken early in the day. Now, I was at the base of a 10′ piece of rock, vertical, a stiff class 5.6 with small holds. The legend of Mexican gold in the Estrellas was largely started by John D. Mitchell, a western treasure hunter and author. He agreed, but he might have regretted it later. It’s a fearsome-looking tower with a … I headed east along it, and it narrowed. The first 1/2 mile is an actual trail with lots of cairns. Andy said that on a previous attempt, their party spent a lot of time route-finding, to try to find the start of the third pitch. Wow, Andy wasn’t kidding, the ledge was maybe ten feet wide, with a big overhanging roof. He had travelled about 30′ over, descended a bit on to easier ground (actually he had stayed fairly level, over much tougher ground – I was the one who would descend to the easier ground) then rounded a corner, climbed up and left to a ledge (this was exposed 4th-class in spots) and reached a nice spot where he could bring me up. Video editing app that transforms your photos and videos with the swipe of your finger slack. He then climbed up and get out of the range from this point continue. Plain to an elevation of 4,119 feet in only two miles to the saddle, you 've it. Taken early in the deepest part of the peak a total area of 0.6 square miles ( km... 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