[family RUBIACEAE] ... TANZANIA Mwanza District Kome I., Chikuku Forest Reserve, no collector’s name 234 in F.H. & Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve, Kasakela, 18 Nov. 1962, Verdcourt 3365A (fallen inflorescence only)!UGANDA … Alkaloids, the most essential of the phytochemicals, are used as anti-parasitic agents. M. lucida commonly known by the Yoruba in southwestern part of Nigeria as “O ruwo ” is widely distributed in West Africa and is used in African folk medicine to treat several diseases [ 21 ]. Take one glasscup three times daily. For red colours, the fibres to be dyed must first be mordanted with tannin-containing plants and alum. The leaves are used for cleaning and scouring items such as calabashes. It is native to west Africa but is exploited commercially mostly in The Americas and the Far East, with seed stock or cuttings obtained originally from Africa, then selectively bred over decades for desirable traits. Morinda citrifolia, commonly known as noni, is the fruit of a tree native to Southeast Asia, where it has been consumed for 2,000 years. google_ad_height = 250. The plant is also employed in cases of diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, leprosy and gonorrhoea. Morinda is a genus of flowering plants in the madder family, Rubiaceae. Local names of fruits seeds herbs spices. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 4. The root and the stem are used as chewing sticks; they are yellow in colour and they taste bitter. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The most important use of oruwo was in the treatment of malaria, diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, jaundice, leprosy and gonorrhoea for a long time. The present work investigated the effect of Morinda lucida (M. lucida) extract on isolated uterine smooth muscle of pregnant and non-pregnant mice. web interface by However, there were no significant differences in leaf area, wet leaf weight, wet shoot weight and dry shoot weight of Celosia argentea. Among the Yoruba herbalists (South-West Nigeria), fresh leaves of the plant are often macerated in palm-wine and its bitter decoction is used in the oral treatment of suspected diabetic patients usually for a few days [6]. 48: Moringa oleifera Lam. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Morinda lucida is a potential source of highly medicinal honey and organic insecticide for crops, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It is in the family Rubiaceae. Different parts of M. lucida have been reported to possess medicinal properties. Although it is very bitter, yet the whole plants, leaves, stem … Morinda lucida Benth. Morinda lucida (Benth), a member of Rubiaceaefamily, is a medicinal plant of about 15 m tall with a dense crown of slender crooked branches approximately 20–30 cm in diameter. Morinda lucida Benth (oruwo in Yoruba) is a medium-sized tree which can reach a height of 18 metres in the regrowth forest ecosystem of Nigeria. These clothes, called ‘kobene’, are worn as mourning dresses by official people and by the family of the deceased. In Nigeria Morinda lucida is one of the 4 most used traditional medicines against fever. The wood is yellow (hence the name brimstone tree), darkening to yellow-brown in the sapwood and to dark brown in the heartwood. According to another study reported in the Journal of Bacteriology and Parasitology by Momoh Johnson Oshiobugie et al., titled ‘GC-MS, AAS, antioxidant and antiplasmodial activities of methanolic leaf extract of Morinda lucida (Ewe Oruwo) in male swiss mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK65’, the conclusion is that  Morinda lucida possess antiplasmodial activity. It is commonly called Brimstone tree. Copyright PUNCH. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. One of the studies was published in the journal Tanzania Health Research Bulletin.Morinda lucida belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. Awe, J. M. Makinde. On occasions of national grief or the death of a chief, the Ashanti people of Ghana dye cotton cloths red with the root bark. Reference Sources . Source – CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants – Umberto Quattrocchi. Women with oily faces should be happy about this astringent quality; we have found ourselves something to make our skin less oily! In Nigeria, Morinda lucida is one of the four most used traditional medicines against fever. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 129862) with original publication details: Niger Fl. Search by expertise, name or affiliation. Brimstone tree, botanical name morinda lucida is a medium size tree with short crooked branches. It should consist half of the whole concoction. Miracle Fruit or Miracle Berry, is know in Yoruba as "Agbayun-kun". The database and code is licensed under a The wood yields yellow to red dyes. Resource Type. google_ad_slot = "5984819487"; In Cote d’Ivoire, it is locally called Sangogo or Bondoukou alongua while in Ghana, it is known as Twi, Kòn kròmà or Ewe amake. Names of Morinda Officinalis in various languages of the world are also given. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Table 1: Ethnobotanical Studies of Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. English brimstone tree (Nigeria, Oliver). Morinda lucida Benth (oruwo in Yoruba) is a medium-sized tree which can reach a height of 18 metres in the regrowth forest ecosystem of Nigeria. The insecticidal activity was compared with two pesticides, Phostoxin and Primo-ban-20. Different parts of M. lucida have been reported to possess medicinal properties. The roots of the treated plants were significantly less galled than those of the control (P<0.05). Scented mahogany (Entandrophragma utile) – ijebu, igedu . This week, we shall be discussing Morinda lucida. The root is the most important traditional source of yellow dye for textiles in the Kasai Province of Democratic Republic of Congo. : Horse radish tree, Moringa tree, “Never Die,” drumstick tree This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from PUNCH. Bologna sausage tree, common sausage tree, cucumber tree (Kigelia africana) – pandoro – Unripe fruits poisonous. Brimstone tree, botanical name morinda lucida is a medium size tree with short crooked branches. In the mood of celebration, let us eat cake! A. Olajide, S. O. KEYWORDS:Morinda lucida, phytochemicals, anthraquinones, steroid, alkaloid, tannins. Extracts of the plant have shown anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-malarial, anti-hepatotoxic and hepato-protective (removes liver pollution and protects liver and gallbladder), vermicidal (kills intestinal worms) antipyretic (reduces fever), anti-thrombotic (prevents blood clot) antioxidant (fights free radicals) and cardio-protective (protects heart muscles) properties! Morinda lucida Benth. The inflorescence is a cluster of white flowers into heads on peduncles which are united in threes positioned opposite to single leaves at alternate nodes (see the picture). Among the Togolese, the plant is popularly known as Ewe amake or Atak ake while among the Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Morinda Officinalis. Decoctions and infusions or plasters of the root, bark and leaves are recognised remedies against different types of fever, including yellow fever, malaria, trypanosomiasis and feverish condition during childbirth. Insecticidal activity of essential oil extracted from Morinda lucida was tested on pulse beetle Callosobruchus maculatus , which is a pest that causes serious damage to several pulses. In this process, it is often combined with leafy twigs of Saba comorensis. For red and yellow colours, the dye baths are prepared by boiling the root bark or leafy twigs in water for one or two hours before filtering and plunging the textiles into the coloured liquid and boiling it again until the desired shade is obtained. Pregnant and non-pregnant mice were pretreated with oral stilboesterol (0.1 mg/kg body weight) and killed by cervical dislocation. A bark or leaf decoction is used in the treatment of jaundice and combined with a dressing of powdered root bark as a treatment against itch and ringworm. Morinda lucida, “Oruwo” (local name in Yoruba tribe), has been used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of symptomatic malaria by many people in South-West part of Nigeria. Jungle grape vine (Ampelocissus latifolia) – abeekanna manun – Used in Ayurveda. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-5689805440782123"; Names. Oruwo is more than a chewing stick! 2680!TANZANIA Buha District Kibondo, E. of Kifura, Feb. 1955, Procter 408! The decoction of the leaves and bark of oruwo is the recipe for malaria. Yes, you heard me right. Morinda lucida Benth. Brimstone tree (Morinda lucida) – apawoparun, iwo, oruwo funfun, owuru. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Ajna Fern Inhibiting effects on cancer tumours have also been reported. Gray [family RUBIACEAE] Filed as Morinda lucida Benth. [family RUBIACEAE] Herbarium. Writing the articles has been really mentally-tasking, but your words of encouragement through calls and texts have been my strength. Ken Fern, 1 INTRODUCTION Morinda lucida Benth., belonging to the family Rubiaceae is a tropical rainforest tree with the English name “Brimstone tree”. It is in the family Rubiaceae. It can be used without a mordant. (Rubiaceae) is a tropical West Africa rainforest tree also called Brimstone tree. [family RUBIACEAE] Common names. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. It is also used for fuel and excellent for making charcoal. It is commonly called Brimstone tree. /* Punch_Sidebar_Articlepages300x250 */ On November 24, 2019, this column made a debut. Morinda lucida Benth. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. I want to seize this opportunity to say a big thank you to you, my wonderful and esteemed readers for your support. Eighteen anthraquinones have been isolated from the wood and bark of the oruwo tree, including the red colorants 1-methylether-alizarin, rubiadin and derivatives, lucidin, soranjidiol, damnacanthal, nordamnacanthal, morindin, munjistin and purpuroxanthin. It is commonly called local cinchona and Eze ogwu in Igbo. Two anthraquinols; oruwal and oruwalol, have also been found; these give a yellow colour and possibly are intermediates in the formation of anthraquinones. The leaves bear 5-8 pairs of lateral nerves; the petiole is about 1.5 cm long. google_ad_width = 300; Phenolics which are anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-carcinogenic, cardiovascular protection and improvement in endothelial function as well as inhibition of angiogenesis and cell proliferation activities, steroids used as anti-bacterial and anti-plasmodium. All rights reserved. Richard Morris. Morinda lucida is an evergreen shrub or small to medium-sized tree bearing a dense crown of slender, crooked branches; it can grow from 2.4 - 18 metres tall, though specimens up to 25 metres are recorded in coastal Cote D'Ivoire. Noni is the Hawaiian name for the fruit of Morinda citrifolia Linn (Rubiaceae). It is used for construction, mining props, furniture, canoes, poles etc. Morinda lucida belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. The … Vitelaria paradoxa – emi-emi, emi-gidi. The use of the root and twigs as chewing sticks may have served as a prophylactic recipe for regular users. 120 mixed sex adult C. maculatus were introduced, along with 30 g of cowpeas. Leaf extracts have shown in vitro antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum while in several other tests, anti-diabetic properties have been confirmed. with help from The plant is also employed in cases of diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, leprosy and gonorrhoea. The species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalized. Thank you for trusting this English language graduate who has a passion for Botany with your medical questions too, even when you know that the discussions here are basically on plants. For dyeing, the root bark or leaves are used fresh, pounded or chopped. Among the Yoruba herbalists (South-West Nigeria), fresh leaves of the plant is often macerated in palm wine and its bitter decoction is used in the oral treatment of malaria patients usually for a few days (Odutuga et al ., 2010). Thank you, once again, for your support; you are highly appreciated. In Côte d’Ivoire a bark or leaf decoction is applied against jaundice and in DR Congo it is combined with a dressing of powdered root bark against itch and ringworm. Morinda lucida, “Oruwo” (local name in Yoruba tribe), has been used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of symptomatic malaria by many people in South-West part of Nigeria. Burkill, H.M. 1985. name is derived from the Latin words morus "mulberry", from the appearance of the fruits, and indica, meaning "of India" [8]. O. The leaves are broadly elliptic to broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, broadly cuneate or occasionally rounded at the base. Morinda lucida leaf powder applied at 2ton/ha gave the significantly highest increase in the growth and yield of celosia. How time flies! is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Morinda (family Rubiaceae). The plant is powerfully astringent too. 10 Citations (Scopus) Overview ; Fingerprint; Abstract. Jun 21, 2019 - Explore Anessa Guess's board "Yoruba language" on Pinterest. It is clear that Oruwo is rich in virtually all the classes of beneficial phytochemicals: vitamins, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, steroids which can explain its anti-plasmodial, anti-parasitic, anti-viral, anti-carcinogenic, anti-proliferative and other health-beneficial uses. 406 1849. It is also added to indigo vats in Côte d’Ivoire, to contribute to the fermentation and reduction process necessary for dyeing with indigo and to get darker blues. 2 Likes 2 Shares; Re: Nigerian Herbs- Uses, Local Names And Pictures by gawab: 1:54pm On Jun 08, 2016; GOAT WEED Agerantum conyzoides Imi esu, Ewe apasa, Akwuko ewu, … Morinda lucida Oruwo, Eze-ogu Medicinal uses Diabetes: squeeze fresh leaves and bitter leaves in water. The whole plants, leaves, stem bark and roots are known to have medicinal properties Igbo Hausa! 1: Ethnobotanical studies of Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria 0.1 mg/kg body weight ) and killed by dislocation... Tropical Africa, Vol 4 pandoro – Unripe fruits poisonous the root bark or leaves used. And scouring items such as calabashes important plant in traditional medicine in Africa..... Nigerian herbs for the fruit of Morinda lucida leaf powder applied at 2ton/ha the... 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Traditional source of yellow dye for textiles in the Garden of Eden, let us eat cake,. Mahogany ( Entandrophragma utile ) – pandoro – Unripe fruits poisonous ( Ampelocissus latifolia ) – pandoro – Unripe poisonous. And bark of oruwo is the most essential of the four most used traditional medicines against fever Morinda... Be approved before they are shown here Dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants – Quattrocchi... The apex, broadly cuneate or occasionally rounded at the base 1: Ethnobotanical studies of Port Harcourt,... Feeds on humans to broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, broadly cuneate or occasionally rounded at the,... As a prophylactic recipe for regular users collector ’ s name 234 in F.H it... Mentally-Tasking, but your words of encouragement through calls and texts have reported... Containing 11906 plants approved before they are yellow in colour and they taste bitter oruwo!