Na-Cl-O4. Potassium perchlorate was historically used to It is conjectured to exist as a mixture of 60% Ca(ClO 4) 2 and 40% Mg(ClO 4) 2. Manufactured forms of perchlorate include perchloric acid and salts such as ammonium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate and potassium perchlorate (EPA … Molar Mass: 325.3333. To complete this calculation, you have to know what substance you are trying to convert. Molar mass of AgClO4 = 207.3188 g/mol. Foreign Names. [88], FDA approved perchlorate use in food packaging in 2005. Perchlorate is a naturally occurring anion of oxyhalide salts that is frequently detected in the environment (Rajagopalan et al., 2006). ›› Sodium Perchlorate molecular weight. [86], On June 18, 2020 EPA announced that it was withdrawing its 2019 proposal and its 2011 regulatory determination, stating that it had taken "proactive steps" with state and local governments to address perchlorate contamination. Finding molar mass starts with units of grams per mole (g/mol). 22.98977 + 35.453 + 15.9994*4. 76. • 3KBr + Al(ClO4)3 = AlBr3 + 3KClO4. This is not the same as molecular mass, which is the mass of a single molecule of well-defined isotopes. Orris, G. J.; Harvey, G. J.; Tsui, D. T.; Eldridge, J. E. Preliminaryanalyses for perchlorate in selected natural materials and theirderivative products; USGS Open File Report 03-314; USGS, U.S.Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003. Calculate the molecular weight [87] In September 2020 NRDC filed suit against EPA for its failure to regulate perchlorate, and stated that 26 million people may be affected by perchlorate in their drinking water. molar mass and molecular weight, Convert grams Sodium Perchlorate to moles. [80] California also issued guidance[when?] 1. Sodium Perchlorate CAS RN: 7601-89-0 Molecular Weight. "Drinking Water: Regulatory Determination on Perchlorate." Join now. :: Chemistry Applications:: The zinc atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Perchlorate was detected in martian soil at the level of ~0.6% by weight. Molecular Weight. Enter either chemical name or molecular formula and calculate molecular weight Potassium Perchlorate CAS RN: 7778-74-7 Molecular Weight. We use the most common isotopes. Supplemental Information: This is classified as a Dangerous Good for transport and may be subject to additional shipping charges. 122. See more Zinc products. In February 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported that U.S. toddlers on average are being exposed to more than half of EPA's safe dose from food alone. The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. From both of these processes the anion is found and used in the form of a salt. Bimodal molecular weight distribution of polymers produced by acetyl perchlorate or iodine, Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Chemistry Edition, 10.1002/pol.1976.170140506, 14, 5, (1089-1095), (2003). In chemistry, the formula weight is a quantity computed by multiplying the atomic weight (in atomic mass units) of each element in a chemical formula by the number of atoms of that element present in the formula, then adding all of these products together. 122.44 . Examples of molecular weight computations: C[14]O[16]2, S[34]O[16]2. ", EPA (2011-02-11). 138.55 . About Magnesium perchlorate Magnesium perchlorate weighs 2.21 gram per cubic centimeter or 2 210 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. [78], In early 2006, EPA issued a "Cleanup Guidance" and recommended a Drinking Water Equivalent Level (DWEL) for perchlorate of 24.5 µg/L. Kathleen Sellers, Katherine Weeks, William R. Alsop, Stephen R. Clough, Marilyn Hoyt, Barbara Pugh, Joseph Robb. The atomic weights used on this site come from NIST, the National Institute of Standards and Technology. These relative weights computed from the chemical equation are sometimes called equation weights. [82] In March 2009, a Centers for Disease Control study found 15 brands of infant formula contaminated with perchlorate. It is a colorless or white solid that is soluble in water. Home; CAS; CAS 125; CAS 125536-25-6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ammonium perchlorate ("AP") is an inorganic compound with the formula NH 4 ClO 4. density of magnesium perchlorate is equal to 2 210 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure. Molecular weight calculation: 22.98977 + 35.453 + 15.9994*4 ›› Percent composition by element Zinc (atomic symbol: Zn, atomic number: 30) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 65.38. This is how to calculate molar mass (average molecular weight), which is based on isotropically weighted averages. Antithyroid agent. [citation needed], InChI=1S/ClHO4/c2-1(3,4)5/h(H,2,3,4,5)/p-1, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, In minerals and other natural occurrences, Helmut Vogt, Jan Balej, John E. Bennett, Peter Wintzer, Saeed Akbar Sheikh, Patrizio Gallone "Chlorine Oxides and Chlorine Oxygen Acids" in. Log in. Drinking water is a unique matrix varying in … MELTING POINT: Ammonium perchlorate: Decomposes explosively when heated; Potassium perchlorate: 525°C (977°F); Sodium perchlorate: 480°C (896°F) BOILING POINT: Not applicable; all decompose at or above melting points. Adverse effects included inflammatory infiltrates, alveolar collapse, subpleural thickening, and lymphocyte proliferation. "Announcement of the Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate List. The molecular weight distribution curve for the polymer obtained in methylene chloride at 0°C showed a double peak phenomenon. Guidechem provides perchlorate chemical database query, including CAS registy number 14797-73-0, perchlorate MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), nature, English name, manufacturer, function/use, molecular weight, density, boiling point, melting point, structural formula, etc. Formula weights are especially useful in determining the relative weights of reagents and products in a chemical reaction. Perchlorate is a naturally occurring and manmade chemical that can affect the functioning of the thyroid gland at sufficiently high doses. regarding perchlorate use. Molar Mass: 122.4404. Perchlorate (ClO 4 −) is an inorganic anion that has a molecular weight of 99 g mol −1. The percentage by weight of any atom or group of atoms in a compound can be computed by dividing the total weight of the atom (or group of atoms) in the formula by the formula weight and multiplying by 100. Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): C20H20ClNO8. [70] Soon after the revised Blount Study was released, Robert Utiger, a doctor with the Harvard Institute of Medicine, testified before the US Congress and stated: "I continue to believe that that reference dose, 0.007 milligrams per kilo (24.5 ppb), which includes a factor of 10 to protect those who might be more vulnerable, is quite adequate. Cadmium (atomic symbol: Cd, atomic number: 48) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 112.411. Log in. [73], In the early 1960s, potassium perchlorate used to treat Graves disease was implicated in the development of aplastic anemia—a condition where the bone marrow fails to produce new blood cells in sufficient quantity—in thirteen patients, seven of whom died. ammonium perchlorate composite propellant, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, "Perchlorate - PubChem Public Chemical Database", Draft Toxicological Profile for Perchlorates, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, "Identifying Subpopulations Vulnerable to the Thyroid-Blocking Effects of Perchlorate and Thiocyanate", "Description of the novel perchlorate-reducing bacteria Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus gen. nov., sp. Since its molecular formula is its empirical formula, therefore its molecular mass is its formula mass. Formula: Al(ClO4)3. [75], In 1998, perchlorate was included in the EPA Contaminant Candidate List, primarily due to its detection in California drinking water. Molecular Weight: 122.44. For bulk stoichiometric calculations, we are usually determining molar mass, which may also be called standard atomic weight or average atomic mass. A common request on this site is to convert grams to moles. Sodium Perchlorate is NaClO4. It is 122.44 g/mol [76][3], In 2003, a federal district court in California found that the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act applied, because perchlorate is ignitable, and therefore was a "characteristic" hazardous waste. EPA prepared extensive responses to submitted public comments. [79], Lacking a federal drinking water standard, several states subsequently published their own standards for perchlorate including Massachusetts in 2006[citation needed] and California in 2007. nov", "Detection of Perchlorate & the Soluble Chemistry of Martian Soil at the Phoenix Mars Lander Site", "Stability of perchlorate hydrates and their liquid solutions at the Phoenix landing site, Mars", Photooxidation of chloride to perchlorate in the presence of desert soils and titanium dioxide, Look What We Found on Mars - Curiosity Rover Serves Up Awesome Science, "Toxic Mars: Astronauts Must Deal with Perchlorate on the Red Planet", Mars covered in toxic chemicals that can wipe out living organisms, tests reveal, "NASA Confirms Evidence That Liquid Water Flows on Today's Mars", "NASA Says Signs of Liquid Water Flowing on Mars", "Video Highlight (02:58) - NASA News Conference - Evidence of Liquid Water on Today's Mars", "Video Complete (58:18) - NASA News Conference - Water Flowing on Present-Day Mars m", "A review of perchlorate occurrence in public drinking water systems", "Perchlorate, Source and Distribution in Groundwater at Massachusetts Military Reservation", "Inorganic Chemical Maximum Contaminant Levels, Monitoring Requirements and Analytical Methods", "Fireworks Displays Linked To Perchlorate Contamination In Lakes", "Perchlorate in the Pacific Southwest: California", Perchlorate found in breast milk across US, "Perchlorate levels in samples of sodium nitrate fertilizer derived from Chilean caliche", "Eliminating Water Contamination by Inorganic Disinfection Byproducts", "ARA Perchlorate Contamination Solutions", "The effect of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate on thyroid function in workers exposed to perchlorate long-term", "Health effect assessment for environmental perchlorate contamination: The dose response for inhibition of thyroidal radioiodide uptake in humans", "Urinary Perchlorate and Thyroid Hormone Levels in Adolescent and Adult Men and Women Living in the United States", "Perchlorate: Health and Environmental Impacts of Unregulated Exposure", "Perchlorate Levels in Pregnancy Linked to Low Childhood IQ", "Perchlorate in Drinking Water; Final Action", "EPA Sued For Not Regulating Rocket Fuel Chemical in Drinking Water", NAS Report: The Health Effects of Perchlorate Ingestion, Macho Moms: Perchlorate pollutant masculinizes fish: Science News Online, Aug. 12, 2006, New Scientist Space Blog: Phoenix discovery may be bad for Mars life, State Threatening To Sue Military Over Water Pollution, Health Effects Of Perchlorate From Spent Rocket, Dept of Defense, Dept of Energy, and US Environmental Protection Agency's Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Elimination of Perchlorate Oxidizers from Pyrotechnic Flare Compositions, 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perchlorate&oldid=998329955, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2017, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The dominant use of perchlorates is as oxidizers in propellants for rockets, fireworks and highway flares. Molecular Weight: 99.45 g/mol: Computed by PubChem 2.1 (PubChem release 2019.06.18) XLogP3-AA: 2.2: Computed by XLogP3 3.0 (PubChem release 2019.06.18) Hydrogen Bond Donor Count: 0: Computed by Cactvs 3.4.6.11 (PubChem release 2019.06.18) Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count: 4: Computed by Cactvs 3.4.6.11 (PubChem release 2019.06.18) Rotatable Bond Count: 0 Figure 1 shows the response of 1 ppb and 0.5 ppb perchlorate using Single Ion Recording (SIR) analysis at molecular weight 99. This site explains how to find molar mass. It is a powerful oxidizer. MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 117.49 to 138.55 g/mol. Cubic centimeter or 2 210 kg/m³ ; at 20°C ( 68°F or 293.15K ) at standard atmospheric pressure of perchlorate... Of contamination is appropriate 210 kg/m³ ; at 20°C ( 68°F or 293.15K ) at standard atmospheric.... 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Know what substance you are trying to convert solid that is soluble in water subject to additional charges. 3Hclo4 = Al ( OH ) 3 + 3HClO4 = Al ( )! Which is the molecular weight ), which is based on isotropically averages! `` Announcement of the substance affects the conversion 3 = AlBr3 +....