526 Antioch Earthquake. [6] He describes Antioch at that time as crowded with soldiers and many civilians that had travelled from all parts of the empire, because Trajan was wintering there. The site of Antioch lies close to the complex triple junction between the northern end of the Dead Sea Transform, the mainly transform boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, the southwestern end of the East Anatolian Fault, the mainly transform boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate, and the northeastern end of the Cyprus Arc, the boundary between the Anatolian and African Plates. The city was very crowded because a lot of visitors come to celebrate Ascension Day. The earthquake caused severe damage to many of the buildings in Antioch, including Constantine's great octagonal church Domus Aurea built on an island in the Orontes River. Antioch earthquake ( 13 December 115 AD) – Rome The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Intensity estimates on the Mercalli scale are: VIII–IX for Antioch; VII for both Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and the port town of Seleucia Pieria. The Roman Emperor Trajan was caught in the earthquake, as was his successor Hadrian. The 526 Antioch earthquake hit Syria (region) and Antioch in the Byzantine Empire in 526. The Antioch Earthquake hit Antioch and Syria in the Byzantine Empire in 526. The USGS database shows that there is a 97.49% chance of a major earthquake within 50km of Antioch, CA within the next 50 years. Antioch, CA has a very high earthquake risk, with a total of 3,398 earthquakes since 1931. [5], In the port of Seleucia Pieria an uplift of 0.7–0.8 m has been estimated, and the subsequent silting up of the harbour left it unusable. Much of Apamea was destroyed in the 115 AD earthquake, but was subsequently rebuilt. [3] The earthquake was followed by a fire that destroyed most of the buildings left standing by the earthquake. The estimated magnitude for the earthquake is 7.0 on the surface wave magnitude scale. The city lies on the Antakya Basin, part of the Amik Basin, filled by Pliocene to recent alluvial sediments. [3] Amongst the many victims was Euphrasius, the Patriarch of Antioch, who died by falling into a cauldron of pitch being used by wineskin makers, with only his head remaining unburnt. [5] The tsunami triggered by the earthquake affected the Lebanese coast, particularly at Caeserea and Yavneh. Although the consul Marcus Pedo Vergilianus was killed, they escaped with only slight injuries and later began a program to rebuild the city. & Pirazzoli, P.A. It was felt all over the near East and the Eastern Mediterranean up to Rhodos and triggered a tsunami that hit the harbour city of Caesarea Maritima in Judea. He arranged for ambassadors to be sent to the city with sufficient money for both immediate relief and to start Antioch's reconstruction. 20 earthquakes in the past 30 days. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. It triggered a local tsunami that badly damaged the harbour at Caesarea Maritima. [8][9] Many of the buildings erected after the earthquake were destroyed by another major earthquake in November 528, although there were far fewer casualties. Erol, O. Find articles, news, videos, pictures, links and facts about Antioch. Earthquake The estimated magnitude of the earthquake is 7.0 on the surface wave magnitude scale. Data also include the earthquake’s origin, time, location, and magnitude. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. [10] Trajan had a copy of the statue of Tyche by Eutychides erected at the new theatre, to commemorate the rebuilding of the city. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. The maximum intensity in Antioch is estimated to be between VIII (Severe) and IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale. [5], An account of the earthquake was included by the writer Cassius Dio in his Roman History. There were 300000 casualties. [7] The harbour at Caeserea Maritima was probably destroyed by the tsunami, an interpretation based on the dating of a half metre thick tsunami deposit found outside the harbour. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. [3], "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", Online catalogue of strong earthquakes in Italy 461 BC to 1997 and Mediterranean area 760 BC to 1500, "The historical earthquakes of Syria: an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. [3] It has been suggested that the very high number of casualties was a result of there being a large number of visitors in the city from the surrounding countryside, there to celebrate Ascension Day. RELATED: Bay Area Earthquake Tracker The largest was a 3.1, which hit at 12:41 a.m. near Oakley. Earthquake Information for Antioch, California. The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. About 400 years later, in 526 AD, another major earthquake struck near Antioch—located near the present-day Antakya, Turkey—killing 250,000. … According to old accounts, Euphrasius the Patriarch of Antioch was one of the victims of the disaster who died by falling into a cauldron of pitch with only his head remaining unburnt. The area has been affected by many large earthquakes during the last 2,000 years.[4]. 526 Antioch earthquake. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. This earthquake is located about 110 km (70 miles) east of the magnitude 7.4 main shock on August 17 which killed over 17,000 people and injured another 50,000 around Izmit. antioch earthquake in a sentence - Use "antioch earthquake" in a sentence 1. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI ( " Extreme " ) on the Mercalli intensity scale. [3] The Great Church was destroyed by the fire seven days after the earthquake. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The area has been affected by many large earthquakes during the last 2,000 years. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. 318 earthquakes in the past 365 days. [8], The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. What was the Antioch earthquake death toll: Although the population had declined since its heyday, it is estimated that the city’s entire population of some 250,000 perished in the earthquake. to 1900 A.D.", "The tsunami of 13 December A.D. 115 and the destruction of Herod the Great's harbor at Caeserea Maritima, Israel", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=115_Antioch_earthquake&oldid=984437140, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:44. It triggered a local tsunami that badly damaged the harbour at Caesarea Maritima. The maximum intensity in Antioch is estimated to be between VIII (Severe) and IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The city lies on the Antakya Basin, part of the Amik Basin, filled by Pliocene-to-recent alluvial sediments. In 115 AD, during Trajan's travel there during his war against Parthia, the whole site was convulsed by a huge earthquake. A major earthquake occurred 70 kilometers (45 miles) east of Adapazari or 170 km (105 mi) northwest of Ankara, at 18:57 local time on 12th of November 1999. Seleucia Pieria: an ancient harbour submitted to two successive uplifts. The "'115 Antioch earthquake "'occurred on 13 December 115 AD . [2][3], The site of Antioch lies close to the complex triple junction between the northern end of the Dead Sea Transform, the mainly transform boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, the southwestern end of the East Anatolian Fault, the mainly transform boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate, and the northeastern end of the Cyprus Arc, the boundary between the Anatolian and African Plates. [3] Intensity estimates on the Mercalli scale are: VIII–IX for Antioch;[1][3] VII for both Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and the port town of Seleucia Pieria. Earthquake Information for Antioch, Tennessee. Antioch, TN has a very low earthquake risk, with a total of 1 earthquakes since 1931. [6], Estimates of the death toll for this earthquake vary between 250,000 and 300,000, with 250,000 being the most commonly reported. Only houses built close to the mountain are said to have survived. It was followed by 18 months of aftershocks. The earthquake began with a loud roaring sound, followed by intense shaking of the ground. Just better. Earthquake: Magnitude 4.4 quake recorded near Ukiah Monday night’s shaker was preceded by several smaller quakes, including a magnitude 2.5 at 10:23 p.m., according to the USGS. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. It was followed by 18 months of aftershocks. A magnitude 2.8 temblor hit five minutes later in the same area. It struck during late May, probably between 20–29 May, at mid-morning, killing approximately 250,000 people. The earthquake in the Orontes valley, of an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the Moment Magnitude scale (MMS), almost totally destroyed Antioch, Daphne and four other ancient cities including Apamea. Intensity estimates on the Mercalli scale are: VIII–IX for Antioch; VII for both Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and the port town of Seleucia Pieria. [7] The rebuilding of the Great Church and many other buildings was overseen by Ephraim, the comes Orientis, whose efforts saw him replace Euphrasius as the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Antioch. [12], "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Antakya Basin Strong Ground Motion Network", "Evidence for 830 years of seismic quiescence from palaeoseismology, archaeoseismology and historical seismicity along the Dead Sea fault in Syria", "The historical earthquakes of Syria: an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. The Nepalese earthquake marks the most destructive seismic activity since the 9.0 magnitude off the east coast of Japan in 2011, which left 18,200 people dead, and almost 3,000 missing. 7 IN the third year of the administration of the empire by Tiberius, a violent earthquake befell Theopolis and its suburb of Daphne, precisely at noon; on which occasion the whole of that suburb was laid in utter ruin by the shocks, while the public and private buildings in Theopolis, though rent to the ground, were still not entirely levelled. All information you need to know about Antioch. Antioch, CA earthquake index is 19.86, ranked #484 in California. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. , an account of the earthquake is 7.0 on the Mercalli intensity.. 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