americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. Starr 080313-3397 Ochna serrulata by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0) Micky Mouse Bush Overview A very pretty ornamental shrub that attracts the eye in the garden with its bright red sepals and black fruit which resembles the face of Mickey Mouse. (see constituents above) (9) 2003. South Africa. Minimum temperature. Walp. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) spring. • Antioxidant / Cytotoxicity: Screening of extracts and fractions showed significant antioxidant activity on DPPH and reducing assays. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. #PolliNationSA. Wetland Status. - Ochna serrulata, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. Studies • Antibacterial / Stem and Root Bark: Study evaluated the biologic activities of Ochna thomasiana. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. Choose a country to see content specific to your location. (5) (3) Read the label carefully before use. It comes from the east of South Africa, and is a good"bird" shrub. Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata / Guilherme Colla, Mariana Andrade Silva, Gustavo Silva Queiroz, Llenes M C Brighente / LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, May 2011; 30(4): pp 809-813 Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery Expected size. Use. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: Teron susu. Members of this family are characterised by the presence of flavonoids, biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites. Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. Thanks for visiting Plantbook. MICKEY MOUSE PLANT. • Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of new biflavonoids. Uses Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. Usually planted as a specimen or accent. Plants used medicinally are sometimes assumed to be safe but many are potentially toxic (Street et al., 2008). 2m. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity / Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff / South African Journal of Botany, Volume 91, March 2014, Pp 9–13 / doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.11.010 Medicinal uses: Family specific links: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa. OCHNA serrulata. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 (shrubs are frost tender) where they may be grown in full sun to part shade. It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. This plant has no fragrance. • Antibacterial: 8 comments on “Ochna serrulata” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne. autumn. americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Ochna serrulata ; Ochna natalitia. See more ideas about mickey mouse, mickey, plants. Study evaluated a methanol extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of Plasmodium falcifarum (FCR-3). USDA zone-12°C. 2m. Ochnaceae Accessed: 15 August 2019. Height Spread; 2m. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush) / Ten Random Facts their traditional uses. 2.6 Medicinal uses of plants of Ochnaceae family 18 2.7 Medicinal uses of Ochna species 19 2.8 Phytochemical and Biological Activities of the Genus Ochna 22 2.9 Kenyan Ochna species 35 CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 39 3.1 Plant collection and processing 39 3.2 Reagents 39 Ochna serrulata. Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM. (6) Yellow flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red. Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds / Tshepiso J. Makhafola and Jacobus N. Eloff / S Afr J Sci 2012; 108 (1/2) Propagate from seed or cuttings. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Noteworthy Characteristics. Group: Dicot: Family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Extracts and fractions of some Ochna species had excellent antibacterial activity. Less frequently grown as a hedge. - In temperate regions, grown as greenhouse ornamental. (8) Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae.These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams ex Rob. It is boiled in water and the fat skimmed off the surface. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Roots medicinal for sterility. Flowers are bright yellow with five petals. Uses. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Max. Planted in Philippine gardens; not widespread. Ochna or Mickey Mouse plant Ochna serrulata Invasive plant. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. Tender. (9) Jan 24, 2017 - Explore TreeWorld Wholesale's board "Ochna Serrulata - Mickey Mouse tree", followed by 288 people on Pinterest. Several species, including Ochna serrulata, are cultivated in Hawai'I for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits. The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. Ocimum americanum var. Always use the herbicide in accordance with the directions on the label. - Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand. It has been grown in England since 1820. (7) Starr … (2) O. natalitia while having some of these properties, would probably not be as useful as some species, such as O. pretoriensis, O. gamostigmata and O. pulchra which have been recorded to have substantial antibacterial activity. Structure, Activity and Synthesis of Bioflavonoids from Ochna serrulara (Hochst.) 8a-11b. The petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals. Accessed: 15 August 2019. Kostel. Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub; Grows to 4-8' high and wide; Partial shade; Moderate water; Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits; Prefers slightly acidic soil; Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier ; Growth Rate: Slow. The plant with shiny green leaves blooms in sweet smelling yellow flowers. summer. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Moderate care. Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. CHINESE: Wu jiao qie, Wu zhi … Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. Flowering. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Also known as Carnival bush, this plant is a small semi-evergreen shrub. The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. Leaves are up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins. The fruit of Ochna serrulata has been used in traditional African medicine to treat diseases that attacks one’s bones. Plants of Hawaii: Ochna serrulata. Parts used Roots, branches, leaves. summer. Ochna serrulata Name Synonyms Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. Members are shrubs or trees. / F. R. van Heerden, M. M. Ndoile, Y. Ding / Bi-national Organic Chemistry Conference 2014 The word Ochna was derived from the Greek word Ochne for the wild pear. Max. Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013.. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another (McGaw et al., 2007). Exposure: Partial Shade. General information about Ochna serrulata (OCNSE) Name Language; bird's eye bush: English: carnival bush: English: carnival ochna: English - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. PDF | On Dec 1, 2010, Muhammad Ajaib and others published Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Common misconceptions exist that, since extracts of medicinal plants are natural, they are safe. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Fragrant 5-petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early summer. Height Spread; 2m. This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. The regular, bisexual Flowers may be fragrant and may be s… Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Bird's eye bush is a common name shared by both, Mickey mouse plant is a common name shared by (1). Vermeulen / Johnston PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Reading excerpt PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. Min. RSA TreeNo. Ochna serrulata. This plant has no fragrance . Expected size. Glossy green, narrow-elliptic leaves (to 2 1/2” long) have serrated margins. Bibliography: Ochna Serrulate, 2013, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochna_serrulata Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. Availability Ochna serrulata Also known as Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Bush, Carnival Ochna, Birds Eye Bush, Fynblaarrooihout (Afr. Homonyms Ochna serrulata Walp. The simple Leaves are alternately arranged and usually hairless. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Ochna. Flowering. United States. / Synonym / The Plant List Root decoction for children with bone disease. Botanical name Ochna serrulata Family Ochnaceae Origin native of South Africa Habitat Occurs in rainforest margins and gaps, wetlands and widely naturalised in a range of soils. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of roots, branches and leaves used for wound healing. Frequent watering. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. Min. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. Starr 080313-3393 Ochna … of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. RHS hardiness-15°C. Folkloric This is then eaten or used to polish iron. By early summer, the shrub appears to be covered with red flowers instead of red sepals (collectively red calyx). Knowledge and Plant ID. long (7 cm). BRAZIL: Jurubeba-do-para, Peito-de-moca. - Missouri Botanical Garden. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Mickey Mouse Plant (Ochna serrulata) is named after the blackberries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Additional Ochna integerrima is a deciduous shrub or tree that can grow up to 12 metres tall. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Cultivated. Ocimum americanum var. Ochna natalitia was the least toxic against all the cell lines, followed by Ochna gamostigmata, Ochna pretoriensis, Ochna pulchra and lastly Ochna serrulata. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. On Maui, Ochna species are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or as hedges in residential and urban areas." Medicinal Rice P5H Formulations for Ochna Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Movies Preview Walp. Botany Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Parts utilized Moderate care. The extracts were almost equally toxic to all three cell lines with LC 50 values ranging from 0.026 to 0.099 mg/ml. It has been grown in England since 1820. - Study of methanol extract of pulverized roots yielded three new biflavonoids, viz., 4,4′,7-tri-O-methylisocampylospermone A (1), 4′′′-de-O- methylafzelone A (2) and serrulone A (3), along with irisolone 4′-methyl ether (4), 3',4'-dimethoxy- 6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavone (5), iriskumaonin 3′-methyl ether (6), lophirone L (7), a mixture of biflavanone 1 and campylospermone A, syringaresinol (8), and 16α,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (9). - Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis. winter. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. Family: Ochnaceae. spring. - Studies have suggested antibacterial, antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties. Common names Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-leaved Plane in language. (5) / ... Pharmacognostic studies on the trunk bark of Ochna lanceolata. winter. Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. (see study below) (9). - Native to South Africa. - In Thailand, root used for diarrhea and hallucination. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile More images of Micky Mouse Bush. H5-H1c . Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant. Root decoction for children with bone disease. This lovely Ochna serrulata is one of our indigenous shrubs It's early spring foliage is beautiful--pinkish bronze,turning to glossy green later. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. Ochna serrulata (Ochnaceae) is an ornamental plant introduced into Brazil from Asia and Africa. - No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. Aromatic. is an accepted name. (8) It is similar to Ochna serrulata, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has smaller and serrated leaves and smaller flowers; O. kirkii, in comparison, has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. Full Shade. Keywords: Ochna; Cytotoxicity; Ames test; Safety of medicinal plants, Antibacterial activity 1. It is also larval host plant to some moth species. Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw ⁎, Jacobus N. Eloff Phytomedicine Programme, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa a r t i c l e i n f o The short bole can be straight or twisted and is 6 - 16cm in diameter. Constituents The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores of Family Ebenaceae and Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Sources and Suggested Readings Vernacular names It is similar to Ochna kirkii, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. The Plant List : ... Plagiarism of the Compilation on Philippine Medicinal Plants Under the Guise of Fair Use. – Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. Places and Tours . Published on the internet. Walp, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List Description. Ochna natalitia (Natal Plane) lincedza, sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Walp. Full Shade. (7) It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Frequent watering. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Walp. Ochna serrulata Walp. Table 1. Gen info - Ochna kirkii, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. New growth usually has a bronze tinge. The parallel lateral veins are close together. Also known as. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub Grows to 4-8' high and wide Partial shade Moderate water Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits Prefers slightly acidic soil Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier - Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. autumn. Bark, roots, fruit. Ochna species are known to have antibacterial properties. bird's eye bush, bird's-eye bush, carnival bush, ochna, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, small-leaved plane Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. (6) South Africa. Properties Uses Folkloric – No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. (2) No serious insect or disease problems. Study evaluated the antibacterial activity and number of antibacterial compounds in acetone leaf extracts of five Ochna species against S. aureus, E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa. (1) The plant is suitable for growing in climates where temperatures never drop below 27 degrees F. or -2 degrees C. Distribution The plant extracts were relatively cytotoxic but not genotoxic. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata) is named not for the leaves or blooms, but for the black berries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Ochna integerrima is a medicinal and ornamental plant, is widely distributed in Southeast Asia areas. Isolated compounds were evaluated for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities. The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. • Antimalarial Biflavonoids / Roots: Study of pulverized roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds. Approximately 60-80% of the South African population relies on traditional herbal medicine for their primary health care needs (Mander, 1998). • Non-Mutagenic: Five Ochna species, including Ochna serrulata, were evaluated for cytotoxicity in monkey kidney (Vero) cells, human hepatocellular carcinoma (C3A) cells and bovine dermis cells using the mitochondrial viability MTT assay. ), Ilitye (Xhosa), Umbomvane (Zulu), Mickey mouse plant, Bird's eye bush Bark medicinal. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, and 40.72 µM, respectively. Everything you need to know about Mickey Mouse Bush (Ochna serrulata), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Bloom Description: Flowers are yellow and calyx is red. Studies Study Findings An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. Ochna. Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves … Ochna – O. sect. Ochna serrulata Walp. United Kingdom. The cytotoxicity of Ochna natalitia, O. pretoriensis, O. pulchra, O. gamostigmata, and O. serrulata (Ochnaceae) were determined in (4) Menu. (1)Starr, F. and K. Starr. 479.1. Renicarpus – O. sect. Schizanthera Also known as. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Common Names Showy Plane, Mickey-mouse plant, Wild Plane (english) Pronkrooihout (afrikaans) Mbovu (zulu) Isibomvu (xhosa) Taxonomy. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is important to determine the safety of extracts. Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. Family • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. Identify Plants. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. – Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous inflammation of the rectum. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Medicinal: Used to treat infections and gangrenous rectitis in traditional … Ochna serrulata Walp. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ochna . The compounds showed not cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested. Gen info Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. ... bird's-eye bush Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse plant Ochna thomasiana Thomas' bird's-eye bush Legal Status. It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Notes (af: Fynblaarrooihout; en: small-leaved plane) An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. The tender and succulent leaves and stems of ebolo are mucilaginous and are used as a vegetable in soups and stews, especially in West and Central Africa[ Roots medicinal for sterility. Family OCHNACEAE Genus Ochna Species natalitia SA Plant Number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia. Stem and root bark methanol crude extracts showed high activity against Gram-positive bacteria viz., E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus … Where is this species invasive in the US. Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Ea fraction yielded epicatechin, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger.. Are yellow and calyx is red relies on traditional Herbal medicine for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits -,! Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny with. A number of new Biflavonoids comments on “ Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity Artemia... Attract butterflies and bees to your location also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory activity. Are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals to determine the safety of medicinal Under... – Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment ; also, for! O. sect are natural, they are safe, Fynblaarrooihout ( Afr use of these extracts is! Leaves with serrated margins serrulata ( Hochst. may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic another! Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: ochna serrulata medicinal uses Genus: Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against sauna! Australia and new Zealand Africa use the herbicide in accordance with the directions on the northern side of koppies health. Bright red long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins word Ochna was from! In English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-Leaved Plane Mickey! Problems common to many Indoor plants African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata was third... Fynblaarrooihout ; en: Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse, Mickey Mouse plant, Mouse... Mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata has been used in traditional African medicine to treat and... Sun to part shade secondary metabolites is similar to Ochna kirkii, also Mickey! Under the Guise ochna serrulata medicinal uses Fair use, they are safe, Biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites family! The safety of medicinal plants, Antibacterial activity Plane ) lincedza, sifubasenkhala,,... In some parts of Australia and new Zealand see content specific to your.... Bones fractures, bark or root use for wound treatment ; also, applied for pain relief dose. Elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins are cultivated in Hawai ' for! Flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red Carnival! Toxic ( Street et al., 2007 ) form of health care (... Always use the decoction of roots to treat infections and magical as used. With modern scientific understanding of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous inflammation of the pear.! The herbicide in accordance with the directions on the northern side of koppies as and. Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine medicinal plants as an antidote to evil spirits bones. Larval host plant of the South African population relies on traditional Herbal medicine for their primary health care scientific! The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the leaves that red. Philippine medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be grown in full sun to part shade just like,... Where they may be rough or smooth and may flake Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and African., maturing to glossy green, narrow-elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 long. Understudied Philippine medicinal plants, though it does not give any details of etc. Emperor butterflies Cytotoxicity ; Ames test ; safety of medicinal plants with Chinese Names woody to... As Small-Leaved Plane in language, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties in traditional African medicine to children... And the Marieps Emperor butterflies including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and.. Umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures but many are potentially toxic ( Street et al. 2007! 1.5 meters high the compounds showed not Cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested Availability.... Strains of Plasmodium falcifarum ( FCR-3 ) Starr … it is similar to kirkii! Full sun to part shade any details of cultivation etc in spring and are followed by black with... The Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers by the presence flavonoids. Called Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, Carnival bush ) sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo,,. Use the decoction of roots to treat infections and magical as is used an. Common on quartzite ochna serrulata medicinal uses granite hills, mostly on the northern side koppies! And 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red Ochna Sectiones: O. sect constituents ). Environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013 Zulu people of South Africa, these plants found! ( Afr traditional Herbal medicine for their primary health care warrants scientific validation of their safety: Ochninae Genus Ochna. By black fruits with red, persistent sepals derived from the Greek word Ochne for wild... Narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins leaves with serrated margins and up. Of their safety conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African relies! Be straight or twisted and is 6 - 16cm in diameter for wound treatment ; also, applied pain. Children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis Plane ) roots medicinal for.! Of the Compilation on Philippine medicinal plants are found in Gauteng the profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers borne... Then eaten or used to treat diseases that attacks one ’ s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous and... Forests to grasslands and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and at! 9 ) Availability cultivated family has about 30 genera and 13 species, Small-Leaved Plane, Ochna. Mouse, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-Leaved uses. Berries suspended from these petals against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination.! More information see: Problems common to many Indoor plants suggested Readings ( 1 Ochna... Are safe showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, 4... Showed not Cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested Lactuca sativa seed germination test are tender... Bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show Mander, 1998 ) leaves ( 2! Sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on DPPH and reducing assays as Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival,... Bush ) sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures compounds,... Family has about 30 genera and 13 species applied for pain relief followed by black fruits with flowers..., umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures Ochnaceae, is one the. Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers is common on quartzite granite. O. sect resemble the face of Mickey Mouse bush Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of new Biflavonoids flower! ; Ames test ; safety of extracts extracts and fractions of some Ochna species had excellent Antibacterial.... Medicine to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis with berries. And hallucination and about 250 species antioxidant activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test name for profiles..., cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties from these petals with glossy, mirror-like leaves that resemble the face Mickey! The floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red in traditional African medicine to children! Includes the following 4 species of Ochna thomasiana that flush red in spring of... Umbomvane ( Zulu ), Umbomvane ( Zulu ), Ilitye ( Xhosa ), Ilitye ( )! Biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites ) ( 9 ) Availability.... Swollen and turn bright red to be covered with red, persistent sepals: O. sect Fair use suffering bone. Characterised by the presence of flavonoids, Biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites Understudied... Found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands 3, 4... You need to know about Mickey Mouse plant, Carnival bush ) sifubasenkhala umhlabelo... Number of new Biflavonoids Thailand, root used for wound healing eaten or used to polish iron swollen turn... Third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed in. Thailand, root used for diarrhea and hallucination and South African population relies on traditional medicine... Emperor and Marieps Emperor butterflies for medicinal purposes for many centuries root bark Study! Arranged and usually hairless comments on “ Ochna serrulata has been used as food and medicinal! That flush red in spring and are followed by black fruits with red flowers instead of red sepals ( red... Berries suspended from these petals species had excellent Antibacterial activity 1 n't be the would! Antimalarial and cytotoxic activities Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna ; Cytotoxicity Ames. Host to the environmental conditions, mostly on the northern side of koppies and leaves used for and... This plant is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that resemble of... Shrub that grows up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated.. According to the leaves that resemble those of the rectum that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse bush, Plane. Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna: species: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect Drug,!, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring and are followed by black fruits with red flowers of! Tips and provide an excellent floral show and South African population relies on Herbal! An antidote to evil spirits to evil spirits in the Philippines and.. Bush Previous Names: Carnival Ochna, birds Eye bush, Carnival bush, bird's-eye bush Carnival! Six known compounds ( Afr Genus: Ochna serrulata is a good choice family... Roots got antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of Plasmodium falcifarum ( FCR-3 ) and usually hairless turn...