Our letters of interpretation do not create new or additional requirements but rather explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances. Police officers and firefighters, for example, often work rotat-ing shifts. 171) - [ratifications] Requires ratifying states to take measures required by the nature of night work for the protection of night workers. ■D-ring shift: How far the D-ring shifts and the harness stretches when it supports the full weight of a fallen worker, including the weight of tool belts and other attached equipment or tools. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. However, under the Occupational Safety and Health Act's general duty clause, employers have a legal duty to furnish to each of its employees employment and a place of employment free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees. OSHA Temperature Guidelines. Night work is defined as work performed during a period of not less than seven consecutive hours, including the interval from midnight to … OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. This letter is in response to your letter dated March 7, 2014, to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Long periods of extended shifts and long continuous hours of work can undermine the safety and health of those who work them, and the safety of other employees and members of the public. tagnames=new Array('h1','a','span','div'); OSHA doesn't have a regulation specifically addressing shift work safety. More information on jobsite hazard analysis can be found at: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.html, In addition, OSHA acknowledges that in many industries, including healthcare, manufacturing, construction, maritime, and emergency response operations, potential hazards to employees arise during night shifts. OSHA requires that this distance be no greater than 3.5 feet (29 CFR 1926.502(d)(16)(iv)), but it may be less for some PFAS equipment. Night workers should not work more than an average of 8 hours in every 24. Irregular rosters, long hours and shift work, particularly night shifts, create and/or worsen a range of OHS hazards. The goal of the proposed standards is to make seeing and being seen at night easier for workers, so the rules provide for very technical requirements about illumination levels for nighttime farm work. Question 1: Does OSHA train and regulate employers to provide fair warning to their employees about the risks of shift work? Any shift that incorporates more continuous hours, requires more consecutive days of work, or requires work during the evening should be considered extended or unusual. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. Studies have shown that shifting schedules increases injury risk. var size=12; Presently, no OSHA standard to regulate extended and unusual shifts in the workplace exists. A work period of eight consecutive hours over five days with at least eight hours of rest in between shifts defines a standard shift. Response: With regard to employer training, OSHA does not train employers on hazards related to late night and extended unusual shifts. According to Derek Simpson (2005), night work is defined as a 7 hour period which includes that between midnight and 5am, usually 11pm to 6am. Workers putting in a 12-hour shift reasonably expect a meal time and additional breaks. for(t in tagnames){ “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. Working at night or in the dark presents a potential hazard to construction workers and is quite different from working in daylight. However, OSHA encourages employers to perform a hazard analysis of its jobsite. Alert: Due to routine maintenance on the OSHA website, some pages may be temporarily unavailable. Section 17: Night work (1.) § 654(a)(1). Rest is a night time activity, work a daytime activity. Many State Departments of Transportation (DOT) use some form of nighttime work zone to conduct construction and maintenance activities on or near the travel portion of the road system. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at https://www.osha.gov. 10035 S. Western Ave. function changeFontSize(inc){ This information can be found at: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/. Workers must wear, at minimum, class II garments which are in good condition. Webpages on this Topic "Is Extra Pay Required For Weekend Or Night Work?" You noted that many municipal streetlights are now using high blue/bright white spectrum lights, and that these lights are harmful to the environment and people's health. OSHA's requirements are set by statute, standards, and regulations. var size=parseInt(tag[n].style.fontSize.replace("px", "")); var tag = document.getElementsByTagName(tagnames[t]); Anyone who normally works at least 3 hours of their working day during this night period is classed as a night worker. Your paraphrased questions and our replies follow: Background: Concerning the hazards of extended, late night shift work, you described your concerns that "shiftwork that involves circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans." Waiters and waitresses, for example, might work only the evening shift. This can make them more hazardous to themselves and others. Instead, it governs shift worker safety under the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. With respect to regulations, there are no specific OSHA regulations or standards addressing employers' efforts to raise awareness on the risks of shift work. reduced alertness, lack of concentration and memory. The Health & Safety Authority 3 It is estimated that in Ireland approximately 15% or 270,000 of the working population of 1.8 million workers do shift and night work on a … This sometimes involves shift work and workers often have to work at night. tag[n].style.fontSize=size+inc+'px'; If you have further questions, please feel free to contact the Office of General Industry and Agricultural Enforcement at (202) 693-1850. In this section, “night work” means work performed after 18:00 and before 06:00 the next day. To report an emergency, file a complaint with OSHA or ask a safety and health question, call 1-800-321-6742 (OSHA). The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra pay for night work. The employer shall provide, and require workers to wear Class 2 high visibility garments meeting the requirements of Section 3380 (e) and conforming to the specifications of ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 for work activities conducted between sunset and sunrise. A reality for about 25 percent of North American workers, shiftwork can disrupt workers' family and personal lives and lead to health problems including chronic fatigue and gastrointestinal disorders. Night shift workers face a higher risk of workplace injury than morning or afternoon shift workers. //]]> Directorate of Enforcement Programs, Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.html, www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/faq_longhours.html, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. Shift workers may be scheduled to work days, evenings, nights and/or on a rotating or on-call basis. With regard to light pollution concerns, you stated that the use of industrial and business lighting and streetlights during the night causes harm to the general population and adds a glare to nighttime drivers' eyes. Night watchmen, on the other hand, might work only the overnight or “graveyard” shift. Statistically, accident rates are higher during night shifts, and employees who work long or irregular hours are at greater risk of injury. } Basic Guidelines Workers who are at risk of injury from traffic or equipment must wear high-visibility vests that meet or exceed the ANSI 107 guidelines. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration doesn’t require employers to maintain specific temperatures in the workplace. NIOSH directs shift work employers to: Set at least 10 consecutive hours of protected off-duty time each day. Around traffic, class II or II combination with retro-reflective trousers is required. } … Fatigue and heat-related illness are common problems. (2.) #whitebanner li { Nevertheless, pressure to work shift work – and particularly extended shifts – is increasing. With respect to regulation, as above, while there is no on-point regulation, OSHA does enforce the Acts' general duty clause where warranted. Night Work Convention, 1990 (No. OSHA has developed this webpage to provide workers and employers useful, up-to-date information on Highway Work Zones and Signs, Signals, and Barricades. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Search Standards. Occupational health and safety (OHS) working alone requirements OHS information for workers and employers www.alberta.ca ©2019 Government of Alberta WA002 - February - 2019 KEY INFORMATION • A worker is considered to be working alone if they work alone at a work … padding: 3px 15px 4px 15px; Exceptions apply if workers and employers agree a different period for 'night time'. }else{ Thank you for your interest in occupational safety and health. An employer may only require or permit an employee to perform night work, if so agreed, and if— (a.) You had two questions: one was related to the hazards of employees working extended, late night shifts and the other to light pollution hazards caused by industrial light sources. OSHA's guidance for employers and workers on addressing hazards common in unusual or late night shifts can be found at: www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/faq_longhours.html (OSHA's FAQs on Extended Unusual Work Shifts), Additionally, please see the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's publications and guidance on unusual and late night shifts. Additional rules apply to night workers on top of the … } This letter was forwarded to OSHA's Directorate of Enforcement Programs (DEP) for response. } This is intended to help workers sleep seven to eight hours each day. Recordkeeping. Most construction workers are accustomed to working on a busy construction site and often working overtime to meet strict deadlines. script.type = "text/javascript"; for(n=0; n