Many translated example sentences containing "vertical coordination" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Vertical coordination refers to the means used to synchronize vertical stages of the food value-chain. Vorschau Kapitel kaufen 26,70 € Vertical Coordination in the Dutch Livestock Industry: Determinants, Developments and Performance. Food and agricultural commodity supply chains have undergone tremendous changes in the past few decades. The model of determinants of vertical coordination is built on different theoretical approaches. Canali, Gabriele. Thus some national standards may be appropriate. Vertical coordination – In vertical coordination, a superior authority coordinates his work with that of his subordinates and vice versa. For example, a sales manager will coordinate his tasks with his sales supervisors. A county option is sometimes useful where environmental regulations need to differ appropriately among local areas. vertical coordination can cushion horizontal coordination’s trade-off between compatibility and creativity. Exhibit 3 plots transaction frequency and asset characteristics on a matrix that suggests appropriate vertical coordination mechanisms. Lower and middle income countries constitute a major share of the worlds agricultural areas and farmers and are characterised by state controlled supply chain. Vertical Coordination in German Pork Production: Towards more Integration? Location is Relative. Graaff, Ronald P. M. (et al.) To be more specific, the Heat Exchanger is four blocks east and three blocks south of the General Service Building. … Communication in an organization can be categorized as vertical, horizontal or diagonal. For example, a sales manager will coordinate his tasks with his sales supervisors. vertical coordination translation in English-Chinese dictionary. Vertically coordinated ties are purportedly effective responses to the uncertainties of fast-changing purchasing environments. The aim of the chapter is to derive implications for industry participants on how to integrate smallholders with vertical coordination. Abstract In recent years the vertical organization of meat supply chains has been among the most vividly discussed topics in agriculture and the food industry. In vertical coordination, a superior authority coordinates his work with that of his subordinates and vice versa. Firms will tend to go to the places with the weakest environmental standards. Building on transaction costs arguments and related work in marketing, the authors analyze vertical coordination as a response to external uncertainty and show that its effectiveness is highly contingent on the magnitude of the safeguarding problem present. Vertical and horizontal coordination therefore emerge as partial substitutes, so tightening one of them helps to balance compatibility and creativity. We distinguish three blocks of determinants of vertical coordination: internal context of the organization, external context of the organization and the transaction or interaction context. Methods of vertical coordination include open production (also referred to as open or spot market), vertical integration and contract production [2]. Like a horizontal coordinate system, most of the information in a vertical coordinate system is not needed unless you want to display or combine a dataset with other data that uses a different vertical coordinate system. Vertical coordination strategy seemed a simple thing for most of the history of agriculture. Learn more. coordination definition: 1. the act of making all the people involved in a plan or activity work together in an organized…. In the United States highway esthetics is generally considered a desirable goal in design because anything worth doing is worth doing well. After all, agriculture produced commodities that seemed best traded in open markets or transformed through vertically integrated processors. It also promotes mutual understanding and ensures cross-functional coordination. Perhaps the most important part of a vertical coordinate system is its unit of measure. Cookies help us deliver our services. MEPFS coordination is a practice of multi-disciplinary collaboration of three major design verticals of any building infrastructure, which are architecture, structure (beam, column, torsion, etc.) Seiten 519-534. Thus, when a company does this, it gets to coordinate the entire supply chain effectively without any disruption as compared to when suppliers, distributors, and retailers were in place. However, tightening both suppresses creativity and loosening both risks inconsistency across distributed activities. Vertical coordination refers to the synchronization of successive stages of production and marketing, with respect to quantity, quality, and timing of product fl ows. At national level, better coordination across policy areas (horizontal coordination and mainstreaming) and with different layers of government (vertical coordination) will also entail some additional administrative burden, which, however, should produce consistent “returns” … Improves Supply Chain Coordination; The entire vertical integration process involves taking control over more levels of the supply chain. Horizontal communication is when information flows between persons holding the same position in an organization. The coordination or proper fitting together of the horiz"ontal and vertical alinements is an important technique for achieving an esthetically pleasing highway design. In a ground-breaking study they discovered that teams of workers in a coal mine had developed a horizontal coordination approach. der gleichen Stufe konzentriert. Many authors hypothesize that contracts and vertical integration are paramount for the future competitiveness of pork production. Vertical coordination is concerned with linking national and sub-national levels to guarantee joined-up and sustainable implementation and management of inclusive policies. Comparative research has demonstrated different approaches within these paradigms, namely a pro-market or work-first approach in contrast to a human-capital development/enabling approach (Bonoli, 2010; Dingeldey, 2009, 2011a). Coordination System Reference Points. Vertical Coordination 27“Market power” refers to the ability of firms to influence price and other terms of trade. Cooperatives were also present as a third way. b. Horizontal Coordination . Finanzprozesse können ebenfalls sowohl vertikal als auch horizontal integriert werden. A vertical coordinate system defines the origin for height or depth values. The current chapter demonstrates an application of the theoretical framework of vertical coordination, more specifically the application of contracting in productive partnerships, to integrate smallholders into the value chain of a specialised crop. Horizontal communication helps to share ideas, wishes, information and attitude between peers and colleagues. Horizontal and vertical coordination of the European Youth Guarantee 185 et al., 2012). This vertical coordination model and its underlying assumptions have been termed "Design Principle One" by Fred Emery, Eric Trist, and others. These coordinating mechanisms traditionally focus on the work of governmental institutions. On the other hand, all sales supervisors ensure that they work in sync with the sales manager. On the other hand, all sales supervisors ensure that they work in sync with the sales manager. Found 162 sentences matching phrase "vertical coordination".Found in 23 ms. 28A recent example is Tyson’s acquisition of the Cobb Company to prevent competitors from monopolizing the Cobb 500 strain of birds (Bugos). Vertical Coordination and Competitiveness: The Case of High Quality and Aged Foods. Wie die Abbildung 3 aufzeigt, ist von einer horizontalen Integration die Rede, wenn eine Unternehmung verschiedene Finanztätigkeiten (Accounting, Controlling, etc.) Vertical integration is often closely associated with vertical expansion which, in economics, is the growth of a business enterprise through the acquisition of companies that produce the intermediate goods needed by the business or help market and distribute its product. For example, the location of a Heat Exchanger may be described as five blocks from the General Service Building. Showing page 1. vertical coordination laws within a nation, in fact, may provide the very mechanism by which firms in a rival nation are able to acquire and maintain strategic advantage If vertical coordination is deemed inappropriate, labeling backed by proper standards and enforcement may provide a useful policy option. This video provides examples of desirable and undesirable highway alignments based on Figure 3-46 of the AASHTO Green Book (2011, 6th Edition). An object's location is always given relative to another reference object. Seiten 503-517. Recently, food value-chains have become more close-ly integrated as means (1) to lower costs by improv-ing productivity, (2) to improve and to ensure quality throughout the chain, (3) … Vertical Coordination. Vertikale Integration von Finanzprozessen. Vertical Coordination in Agriculture: A Review of Forces, Strategies, and Their Implications for Producers (Agricultural Economics Unit S.) | Ben Davies | ISBN: 9781870558495 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Without the help—or hindrance—of a supervisor, they worked out with each other how the day's work could best … vertical coordination translation in English-Arabic dictionary. 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