Pb toxicity causes a range of damages to plants from germination to yield formation; however, its toxicity is both time and concentration dependent. chemical fertilizers, the heavy metal mediated chemical toxicity has become one of the major environmental threats for the plants around the globe. Because metals cannot be destroyed, bioaccumulation of these harmful metals increases in the environment and poses a serious threat to many different species and can negatively impact plant development. Plant Soil 105:265–271, Djeukam CL, Nkongolo K (2018) Expression of genes associated with nickel resistance in red oak (Quercus rubra) populations from a metal contaminated region. We welcome Original Research, Reviews, and Mini-Reviews that fall within this area. Plants have also evolved with an extensive and Sci Total Environ 311:247–259, Avery SV (2001) Metal toxicity in yeasts and the role of oxidative stress. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 249 Nat Rev Microbiol 15:338–350, Chen J, Yang L, Gu J et al (2015) MAN3 gene regulates cadmium tolerance through the glutathione-dependent pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. Although many metal elements are essential for the growth of plants in low concentrations, their excessive amounts in soil above threshold values can result in toxicity. Conclusion 28. For example, some plant species limit HM absorption through avoidance. J Bacteriol 193:7003–7004, van de Mortel JE, Villanueva LA, Schat H et al (2006) Large expression differences in genes for iron and zinc homeostasis, stress response, and lignin biosynthesis distinguish roots of Arabidopsis thaliana and the related metal hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Bioremediation is an effective method of treating heavy metal polluted soils. HMs can be classified as either essential or nonessential. Trends Plant Sci 9:244–252, Wang D, Wei Z, Yang C, Liu G (2008) Analysis and identification of SCAR molecular markers associated with birch fiber length trait. Likewise, research in plant responses to metal contamination is sketchy. J Exp Bot 57:4111–4122, Maron LG, Guimaraes CT, Kirst M et al (2013) Aluminum tolerance in maize is associated with higher MATE1 gene copy number. A trace of essential HMs, such as Cu, — Today's [e.g., " heavy metals (HMs) " ] caused by anthropogenic activities have negative impacts on our environment and food productions. Heavy metals like lead and mercury are toxic and can make you sick. FEBS Lett 556:167–174, Theriault G, Nkongolo K (2016) Nickel and copper toxicity and plant response mechanisms in white birch (Betula papyrifera). The heavy metal ions cause damage to the structural, enzymatic and non-enzymatic components of plant cell, often resulting in loss of cell viability, thus negatively impacting plant growth and development. In each site, we examined the effect of proximity to road on heavy metal concentrations (cadmium, nickel, lead, and zinc) in four of the most common roadside plant species—Melilotus indicus, Herschfeldia incana, Avena sativa, and Artemisia californica—as well as on soil metal concentrations. Even though heavy metal tolerance in plants through microbial remediation has been investigated for many years, there is still considerable interest in extensive studies on plant–microbe–metal association due to their direct effects on enhanced biomass production and heavy metal tolerance (Glick, 2003; Taj and Rajkumar, 2016; Hansda and Kumar, 2017). Plant Soil 196:227–281, Hassan Z, Aarts MGM (2011) Opportunities and feasibilities for biotechnological improvement of Zn, Cd or Ni tolerance and accumulation in plants. J Exp Bot 53:1–11, Harrison JJ, Turner RJ, Ceri H (2009) Metal tolerance in bacterial biofilms. Heavy metal toxicity can either be acute or chronic effects. Environ Exp Bot 72:53–63, Henry JR (2000) An overview of the phytoremediation of lead and mercury. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:2173–2180, Poli A, Di Donato P, Abbamondi GR, Nicolaus B (2011) Synthesis, production, and biotechnological applications of exopolysaccharides and polyhydroxyalkanoates by archaea. reported to increase the toxicity of Zn in spring barley [ ]. New Phytol 159:369–381, Guo WJ, Meetam M, Goldsbrough PB (2008) Examining the specific contributions of individual Arabidopsis metallothioneins to copper distribution and metal tolerance. At the molecular level, they can cause DNA damage, degradation of certain biomolecules, and alter gene expression. Heavy metal toxicity can have several health effects in the body. is implies that the interrelationship between heavy metals is quite complex; thus more research is needed in this area. Chapman and Hall, London, Jentschke G, Godbold DL (2000) Metal toxicity and ectomycorrhizas. However, certain reports focused largely on physiological parameters and yield, and there is still a lack of understanding on the mechanisms surrounding plant-HM interactions.The Research Topic aims to address these aspects related to plant-HM interaction in different plant species. Lead (Pb) is the second most toxic heavy metal after arsenic (As), which has no role in biological systems. Authors declare no conflicts of interest. Microb Biotechnol 10:279–295, McGrath SP, Chaudri AM, Giller KE (1995) Long-term effects of metals in sewage sludge on soils, microorganisms and plants. Heavy metals reduce grain yields and dry weight of wheat plants, with Cadmium (Cd) having the highest effect and Chromium (Cr) the lowest. Heavy metals contamination is becoming a serious issue of concern around the world as it has gained momentum due to the increase in the use and processing of heavy metals during various activities to meet the needs of the rapidly growing population. PLoS One 11:1–20, Tong Y-P, Kneer R, Zhu Y-G (2004) Vacuolar compartmentalization: a second-generation approach to engineering plants for phytoremediation. New Phytol 205:570–582, Cobbett C, Goldsbrough P (2002) Phytochelatins and metallothioneins: roles in heavy metal detoxification and homeostasis. Its exposure at higher rates disturbs the plant water and nutritional relations and causes oxidative damages to plants. Plant Physiol 146:1697–1706, Hall JL (2002) Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance. Emamverdian A, Ding Y, Mokhberdoran F, Xie Y (2015) Heavy metal stress and some mechanisms of plant defense response. In general, heavy metals toxicity is induced when they reach a critical concentration value and especially when they are at their available form (Nagajyoti et al., 2010). Abstract. Science Publishers, Enfield, Alloway BJ (2014) Heavy metals in soils: trace metals and metalloids in soils and their bioavailability, 3rd edn. Plant Physiol Biochem 43:701–708, Sundquist AR, Fahey RC (1989) The function of gamma-glutamylcysteine and bis-gamma-glutamylcysteine reductase in Halobacterium halobium. Met Ions Biol Syst 20:119–156, Bini E (2010) Archaeal transformation of metals in the environment. Clin Microbiol Rev 15:167–193, Dopson M, Baker-Austin C, Koppineedi PR, Bond PL (2003) Growth in sulfidic mineral environments: metal resistance mechanisms in acidophilic micro-organisms. The metal transporters involved in Cd transport within plant tissues are also discussed and how their manipulation can control Cd uptake and/or translocation. Plants exposed to heavy metals result injury in terms of chlorosis along with toxic effects in the form of reduced photosynthesis, browning of root tips, growth inhibition, and finally death. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Based on that, we studied the individual effects of several doses of Cd(II), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) on the growth of live alfalfa plants using solid media. Plant Soil Environ 52:345–352, Mulligan CN, Yong RN, Gibbs BF (2001) Remediation technologies for metal-contaminated soils and groundwater: an evaluation. Allied Publishers, New Delhi, Mengoni A, Gonnelli C, Hakvoort HWJ et al (2003) Evolution of copper-tolerance and increased expression of a 2b-type metallothionein gene in Silene paradoxa L. populations. Heavy metals show negative effects on plants. In addition, plants accumulate metal ions that disturb cellular ionic homeostasis. At the same time, heavy metals can interfere with the normal … Plants experience oxidative stress upon exposure to heavy metals that leads to cellular damage. The cell wall can act as a biosorbent to alleviate toxic effects of heavy metals [48,49]. In: Sherameti I, Varma A (eds) Soil heavy metals. 195.177.217.131. Therefore, the present study evaluated the effects of heavy metal containing compost on soil, plants, human health and aquatic life. New knowledge on microbial reaction to metal contamination and the relationship between bacterial, archaeal, and fungal resistance to metals has broadened our understanding of metal homeostasis in living organisms. Such mechanisms are mainly based on chelation and subcellular … Exposure to high concentration of HMs causes toxicity and undesirable effects in plants. Being sessile, plants adopted a range of strategies for sensing and responding to nutrient availability to optimize development and growth, as well as to protect their metabolisms from heavy metal toxicity. Plant Physiol 137:1082–1091, Gadd GM (2010) Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 161–193, Czajka KM, Nkongolo K, Czajka KM, Nkongolo K (2018) High level of nicotianamine synthase (NAS3) and natural resistance associated macrophage protein (NRAMP4) gene transcription induced by potassium nitrate in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides). Springer, Berlin, pp 31–63, Karelová E, Harichová J, Stojnev T et al (2011) The isolation of heavy-metal resistant culturable bacteria and resistance determinants from a heavy-metal-contaminated site. With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Springer, Dordrecht, pp 225–240, Schaaf G, Honsbein A, Meda AR et al (2006) AtIREG2 encodes a tonoplast transport protein involved in iron-dependent nickel detoxification in Arabidopsis thaliana roots. Deprivation of accepted resources is perhaps one of the lethal lapses mankind has ever prepared in its voyage of progress and civilization. Adv Appl Microbiol 49:111–142, Aydinalp C, Marinova S (2003) Distribution and forms of heavy metals in some agricultural soils. Plant Sci 176:528–538, Ricachenevsky FK, Menguer PK, Sperotto RA et al (2013) Roles of plant metal tolerance proteins (MTP) in metal storage and potential use in biofortification strategies. Arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury are toxic elements that are almost ubiquitously present at low levels in the environment because of anthropogenic influences. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 73:1–16, Bourg ACM (1995) Speciation of heavy metals in soils and groundwater and implications for their natural and provoked mobility. Heavy metal polluted soils leads to reduction in growth due to changes in physiological and biochemical activities. Plant Soil 257:451–457, Mitchell R, Gu J-D (2009) Environmental microbiology. J Biol Chem 281:25532–25540, Schultz CL, Hutchinson TC (1988) Evidence against a key role for metallothionein like protein in the copper tolerance mechanism of Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv. J Bacteriol 191:5196–5204, Manasi, Rajesh N, Rajesh V (2016) Evaluation of the genetic basis of heavy metal resistance in an isolate from electronic industry effluent. 2. Phytochemistry 16:1503–1505, Lee J, Bae H, Jeong J et al (2003) Functional expression of a bacterial heavy metal transporter in Arabidopsis enhances resistance to and decreases uptake of heavy metals. This is a preview of subscription content, Abdu N, Abdullahi AA, Abdulkadir A (2017) Heavy metals and soil microbes. … Among the abiotic stresses, toxic metal stress is one of the major threats to plant growth and development. Archaea 2011:1–13, Prasad MNV (2014) Metallothioneins, metal binding complexes and metal sequestration in plants. The toxic effects of heavy metals on aquatic plants include cell membrane structural damage; inhibitions of respiration, photosynthesis, growth, and development processes; and toxicity to genetic materials. Appl Environ Microbiol 75:2266–2274, Rauser WE, Curvetto NR (1980) Metallothionein occurs in roots of Agrostis tolerant to excess copper. Plant Physiol 146:1834–1861, USDA NRCS (2000) Heavy metal soil contamination. Collection folkscanomy_academic; folkscanomy; additional_collections Language English. 662-668. Genes Genom 38:341–350, Theriault G, Michael P, Nkongolo K (2016b) Comprehensive transcriptome analysis of response to nickel stress in white birch (Betula papyrifera). Pol J Environ Stud 12:629–633, Baloun J, Nevrtalova E, Kovacova V et al (2014) Characterization of the HMA7 gene and transcriptomic analysis of candidate genes for copper tolerance in two Silene vulgaris ecotypes. Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal for both animals and plants. Recent Res Dev Microbiol 9:33–55, Hasegawa I, Terada E, Sunairi M et al (1997) Genetic improvement of heavy metal tolerance in plants by transfer of the yeast metallothionein gene (CUP1). Environ Rev 24:39–51, Lee J, Reeves RD, Brooks RR, Jaffré T (1977) Isolation and identification of a citrato-complex of nickel from nickel-accumulating plants. Thus utilization of heavy metal‐contaminated water is resulting in high morbidity and mortality rates all over the world. Preliminary studies have shown that alfalfa plants (Medicago sativa) can grow in some heavy metal-contaminated soils. The metal transporters involved in Cd transport within plant tissues are also discussed and how their manipulation can control Cd uptake and/or translocation. In: France RL (ed) Handbook of regenerative landscape design. Exposure to heavy metals such as nickel, cobalt, cadmium, chromium, lead and copper can cause potential adverse effects to the environment due to its high metal toxicity effects. In: Förstner U, Salomons W, Mader P (eds) Heavy metals. Toxicity of Cr to plants depends on its valence state: Cr(VI) is highly toxic and mobile whereas Cr(III) is less toxic. All the natural resources are contaminated with lethal lapses. Heavy metals (HMs) contamination of soil and water is a serious problem in recent time and cause hazardous effects on humans and animals which ultimately results in destruction of environment. Since plants lack a specific transport system for Cr, it is taken up by carriers of essential ions such as sulfate or iron. Plant J 16:73–78, Cuypers A, Remans T, Weyens N et al (2013) Soil-plant relationships of heavy metals and metalloids. Heavy metals have been proved to be toxic to human and environmental health. The major change was seen in the nucleus of the root tip cells due to zinc toxicity. Plant Cell 14:1223–1233, Viehweger K (2014) How plants cope with heavy metals. Biochip J 6:157–164, Kim S, Takahashi M, Higuchi K et al (2005) Increased nicotianamine biosynthesis confers enhanced tolerance of high levels of metals, in particular nickel, to plants. The chemical form of heavy metals in soil solution is dependant of the metal concerned, pH and the presence of other ions.6 The toxicity symptoms observed in plants in the presence of excessive amounts of heavy metals may be due to a range of interactions at the cellular level.7 Toxicity may result from the binding of metals to sulphydryl Being non-biodegradable, elevated levels of these metals may impart detrimental effects on the soil, as well as on crop productivity. Heavy metals can damage and alter the functioning of organs such as the brain, kidney, lungs, liver, and blood. Metal pollution species limit HM absorption through avoidance of Si-mediation “ review '' by AD Publications, Marinova (!, Cobbett C, Helmann JD ( 2017 ) metal toxicity in plants is not studied... 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